## Abstract

The pseudo-marginal algorithm is a Metropolis–Hastings-type scheme which samples asymptotically from a target probability density when we are only able to estimate unbiasedly an unnormalised version of it. In a Bayesian context, it is a state-of-the-art posterior simulation technique when the likelihood function is intractable but can be estimated unbiasedly using Monte Carlo samples. However, for the performance of this scheme not to degrade as the number T of data points increases, it is typically necessary for the number N of Monte Carlo samples to be proportional to T to control the relative variance of the likelihood ratio estimator appearing in the acceptance probability of this algorithm. The correlated pseudo-marginal method is a modification of the pseudo-marginal method using a likelihood ratio estimator computed using two correlated likelihood estimators. For random effects models, we show under regularity conditions that the parameters of this scheme can be selected

such that the relative variance of this likelihood ratio estimator is controlled when N increases sublinearly with T and we provide guidelines on how to optimise the algorithm based on a nonstandard weak convergence analysis. The efficiency of computations for Bayesian inference relative to the pseudo-marginal method empirically increases with T and exceeds two orders of magnitude in some examples.

such that the relative variance of this likelihood ratio estimator is controlled when N increases sublinearly with T and we provide guidelines on how to optimise the algorithm based on a nonstandard weak convergence analysis. The efficiency of computations for Bayesian inference relative to the pseudo-marginal method empirically increases with T and exceeds two orders of magnitude in some examples.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 839-870 |

Number of pages | 23 |

Journal | Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series B: Statistical Methodology |

Volume | 80 |

Issue number | 5 |

Early online date | 29 Jul 2018 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Nov 2018 |