The development and internal pilot trial of a digital physical activity and emotional well-being intervention (Kidney BEAM) for people with chronic kidney disease

Hannah M.L Young, Ellen M. Castle, Juliet Briggs, Christy Walklin, Roseanne E Billany, Elham Asgari, Sunil Bhandari, Nicolette Bishop, Kate Bramham, James O Burton, Jackie Campbell, Joseph Chilcot, Nicola Cooper, Vashist Deelchand, Matthew P.M Graham-Brown, Lynda Haggis, Alexander Hamilton, Mark Jesky, Philip A Kalra, Pelagia KoufakiJamie H. Macdonald, Kieran McCafferty, Andrew C Nixon, Helen Noble, Zoe L Saynor, Maarten W Taal, James Tollitt, David C. Wheeler, Thomas J Wilkinson, Sharlene A. Greenwood

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This trial assessed the feasibility and acceptability of Kidney BEAM, a physical activity and emotional well-being self-management digital health intervention (DHI) for people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), which offers live and on-demand physical activity sessions, educational blogs and videos, and peer support. In this mixed-methods, multicentre randomised waitlist-controlled internal pilot, adults with established CKD were recruited from five NHS hospitals and randomised 1:1 to Kidney BEAM or waitlist control. Feasibility outcomes were based upon a priori progression criteria. Acceptability was primarily explored via individual semi-structured interviews (n = 15). Of 763 individuals screened, n = 519 (68%, 95% CI 65 to 71%) were eligible. Of those eligible, n = 303 (58%, 95% CI 54–63%) did not respond to an invitation to participate by the end of the pilot period. Of the 216 responders, 50 (23%, 95% CI 18–29%) consented. Of the 42 randomised, n = 22 (10 (45%) male; 49 ± 16 years; 14 (64%) White British) were allocated to Kidney BEAM and n = 20 (12 (55%) male; 56 ± 11 years; 15 (68%) White British) to the waitlist control group. Overall, n = 15 (30%, 95% CI 18–45%) withdrew during the pilot phase. Participants completed a median of 14 (IQR 5–21) sessions. At baseline, 90–100% of outcome data (patient reported outcome measures and a remotely conducted physical function test) were completed and 62–83% completed at 12 weeks follow-up. Interview data revealed that remote trial procedures were acceptable. Participants’ reported that Kidney BEAM increased their opportunity and motivation to be physically active, however, lack of time remained an ongoing barrier to engagement with the DHI. An randomised controlled trial of Kidney BEAM is feasible and acceptable, with adaptations to increase recruitment, retention and engagement. Trial registration NCT04872933. Date of first registration 05/05/2021.

Original languageEnglish
Article number700
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jan 2024


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