The effect of a novel Bayesian penalised likelihood PET reconstruction algorithm on the assessment of malignancy risk in solitary pulmonary nodules according to the British Thoracic Society guidelines

D.j. Murphy, L. Royle, Z. Chalampalakis, L. Alves, N. Martins, Paul Bassett, Ronan Breen, A. Nair, Andrea Bille, S. Chicklore, G.j. Cook, M. Subesinghe

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Abstract

Purpose: British Thoracic Society (BTS) guidelines advocate using FDG PET-CT with the Herder model to estimate malignancy risk in solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). Qualitative and semi-quantitative assessment of SPN uptake is based upon analysis of Ordered Subset Expected Maximisation (OSEM) PET images. Our aim was to assess the effect of a Bayesian Penalised Likelihood (BPL) PET reconstruction on the assessment of SPN FDG uptake and estimation of malignancy risk (Herder score). Methods: Subjects with SPNs who underwent FDG PET-CT between 2014–2017, with histological confirmation of malignancy or histological/imaging follow-up confirmation of benignity were included. Two blinded readers independently classified SPN uptake on both OSEM and BPL (BTS score; 1 = none; 2 = ≤ mediastinal blood pool (MBP); 3 = >MBP but ≤ 2x liver; 4 = >2x liver), with resultant calculation of the Herder score (%) for both reconstructions. Results: 97 subjects with 75 (77%) malignant SPNs were included. BPL increased the BTS score in 25 (26%) SPNs; 9 SPNs (7 malignant) increased from BTS score 2 to 3, 16 (13 malignant) from BTS score 3 to 4, with a mean Herder score increase of 18 ± 22%. The mean Herder score for all SPNs with BPL was higher than OSEM (73 ± 29 vs 68 ± 32%, p = 0.001). There was no difference in Herder model diagnostic performance between BPL and OSEM, with similar areas under the curve (0.84 vs 0.83, p = 0.39). Conclusion: BPL increases the Herder score in 26% of SPNs compared to OSEM but does not alter the diagnostic performance of the Herder model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-155
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean journal of radiology
Volume117
Early online date10 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • Image reconstruction
  • Positron emission tomography computed tomography
  • Risk assessment
  • Solitary pulmonary nodule

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