The effect of bone strontium on BMD is different for different manufacturers' DXA Systems

Joy Liao, Glen M. Blake, Alison H. McGregor, Rajesh Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoporotic patients treated with strontium ranelate show relatively large increases in bone mineral density (BMD) measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) due to the replacement of some of the calcium atoms in bone by strontium. A study published by Pors Nielsen and colleagues reported that replacement of 1% of calcium atoms by strontium causes a 10% increase in BMD. We refer to the ratio of the percentage increase in BMD to the molar percentage of strontium in bone as the strontium ratio. Theoretically it is expected that the strontium ratio should vary between different manufacturers' DXA equipment depending on the effective photon energy of the device, an effect that arises because of the proximity of the X-ray energies produced by lower energy devices to the strontium K-edge at 16 key. In this study we report theoretical estimates of the strontium ratio for two axial DXA systems and two peripheral DXA devices based on their broad spectrum X-ray emission. The theoretical figures were verified in an experimental study in which the strontium ratio for each device was measured using phantoms containing mixtures of hydroxyapatite and strontium hydrogen-phosphate. The theoretical values of the strontium ratio were 11.0 for the Hologic Discovery, 9.9 for the GE-Lunar Prodigy, 9.1 for the Demetech Calscan, and 8.5 for the Osteometer Dexacare G4. Experimental results were 11.2 for the Discovery, 9.9 for the Prodigy, 8.6 for the Calscan and 6.3 for the Dexacare G4. The results confirm both theoretically and experimentally that the effect of bone strontium on BMD measurements is different for different DXA systems. In the future it might be possible to exploit this effect to make a non-invasive estimate of average bone strontium content in groups of patients receiving strontium medication for osteoporosis. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)882 - 887
Number of pages6
JournalBone
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

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