The effect of learning to drum on behavior and brain function in autistic adolescents

Marie Stephanie Cahart, Ali Amad, Stephen B. Draper, Ruth G. Lowry, Luigi Marino, Cornelia Carey, Cedric E. Ginestet, Marcus S. Smith, Steven C.R. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


SignificanceThere is an acknowledged need for improved service provision in the context of autism spectrum disorders. Previous studies have demonstrated the positive role drum training can play in improving behavioral outcomes for children and adolescents with emotional and behavioral difficulties. However, to date, none of these studies has explored how these behavioral changes translate at the neural level. Our study provides strong evidence that drumming not only reduces hyperactivity and inattention in autistic adolescents but also strengthens functional connectivity in brain regions responsible for inhibitory control and action outcome monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2106244119
Pages (from-to)e2106244119
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2022


  • autism
  • drumming
  • fMRI
  • inhibitory control


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