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The effect of pregabalin or duloxetine on arthritis pain: A clinical and mechanistic study in people with hand osteoarthritis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nidhi Sofat, Abiola Harrison, Mark D. Russell, Salma Ayis, Patrick D. Kiely, Emma H. Baker, Thomas Richard Barrick, Franklyn A. Howe

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2437-2449
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Pain Research
Volume10
Early online date10 Oct 2017
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 10 Oct 2017

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Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most prevalent arthritis worldwide and is characterized by chronic pain and impaired physical function. We hypothesized that heightened pain in hand OA could be reduced with duloxetine or pregabalin. In this prospective, randomized clinical study, we recruited 65 participants, aged 40-75 years, with a Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) for pain of at least 5. Participants were randomized to one of the following three groups: duloxetine, pregabalin, and placebo. The primary endpoint was the NRS pain score, and the secondary endpoints included the Australian and Canadian Hand Osteoarthritis Index (AUSCAN) pain, stiffness, and function scores and quantitative sensory testing by pain pressure algometry. After 13 weeks, compared to placebo, ANOVA found significant differences between the three groups (P=0.0078). In the intention-to-treat analysis, the pregabalin group showed improvement for NRS pain (P=0.023), AUSCAN pain (P=0.008), and AUSCAN function (P=0.009), but no difference between duloxetine and placebo (P>0.05) was observed. In the per protocol analysis, NRS pain was reduced for pregabalin (P<0.0001) and duloxetine (P=0.029) compared to placebo. We conclude that centrally acting analgesics improve pain outcomes in people with hand arthritis, offering new treatment paradigms for OA pain.

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