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The effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists on histopathological and secondary biomarkers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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The effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists on histopathological and secondary biomarkers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. / Borodavkin, Petr; Sheridan, William; Coelho, Claudia et al.

In: DIABETES OBESITY AND METABOLISM, 27.09.2021.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Borodavkin, P, Sheridan, W, Coelho, C, Ostarijas, E, Zair, ZM, Miras, AD, McGowan, B, le Roux, C, Vincent, R & Dimitriadis, GK 2021, 'The effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists on histopathological and secondary biomarkers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis', DIABETES OBESITY AND METABOLISM.

APA

Borodavkin, P., Sheridan, W., Coelho, C., Ostarijas, E., Zair, Z. M., Miras, A. D., McGowan, B., le Roux, C., Vincent, R., & Dimitriadis, G. K. (Accepted/In press). The effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists on histopathological and secondary biomarkers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. DIABETES OBESITY AND METABOLISM.

Vancouver

Borodavkin P, Sheridan W, Coelho C, Ostarijas E, Zair ZM, Miras AD et al. The effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists on histopathological and secondary biomarkers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. DIABETES OBESITY AND METABOLISM. 2021 Sep 27.

Author

Borodavkin, Petr ; Sheridan, William ; Coelho, Claudia et al. / The effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists on histopathological and secondary biomarkers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. In: DIABETES OBESITY AND METABOLISM. 2021.

Bibtex Download

@article{daf61cb96e024ba8bad196227961041c,
title = "The effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists on histopathological and secondary biomarkers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis",
abstract = "Aims:This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of GLP-1 receptor agonists (RAs) in the management of patients with biopsy proven non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), focusing on histopathological and secondary biochemical markers. Materials and methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), ClinicalTrials.gov and SCOPUS were critically appraised for peer-reviewed manuscripts that suitably fulfilled our protocol{\textquoteright}s inclusion criteria. Mean Differences (MD), Standardized Mean Differences (SMD), and Risk Ratios (RR) were reported with 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) and derived through a random-effects model from baseline and endpoint readings. We excluded studies investigating NAFLD. Results:Out of 2551 studies identified initially, 4 were meta-analysed. Data from 406 NASH patients were included, of which 250 had TD2M and 243 were female. GLP-1RA were found to be more effective in improving NASH (RR= 2.67, 95% CI= [1.87; 3.81]) and fibrosis (RR= 1.29, 95% CI= [0.99; 1.70]) compared to placebo as well as each individual parameter of NAFLD Activity Score (NAS) system. GLP-1RAs also elicited improvements from baseline scores for metabolic (HbA1c, FPG, and BMI) and secondary biomarkers of NASH (ALT, AST, GGT, and CCCF30). No significant alterations were recorded for the lipid profile (LDL, HDL) and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Injectable semaglutide (0.4mg/day) exhibited the most significant improvements on key histopathological and secondary biomarkers of NASH.Conclusions:This systematic review validated previous evidence of beneficial histological effects of GLP-1RAs on NASH. It also highlighted the need for further research to fully elucidate the optimal GLP-1RA dose regimen and treatment length on NASH histopathological and biochemical markers.",
keywords = "NASH, Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, GLP-1RA, Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis",
author = "Petr Borodavkin and William Sheridan and Claudia Coelho and Eduard Ostarijas and Zair, {Zoulikha M} and Miras, {Alexander D} and Barbara McGowan and {le Roux}, Carel and Royce Vincent and Dimitriadis, {Georgios K}",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
day = "27",
language = "English",
journal = "DIABETES OBESITY AND METABOLISM",
issn = "1462-8902",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of GLP-1 receptor agonists on histopathological and secondary biomarkers of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

AU - Borodavkin, Petr

AU - Sheridan, William

AU - Coelho, Claudia

AU - Ostarijas, Eduard

AU - Zair, Zoulikha M

AU - Miras, Alexander D

AU - McGowan, Barbara

AU - le Roux, Carel

AU - Vincent, Royce

AU - Dimitriadis, Georgios K

PY - 2021/9/27

Y1 - 2021/9/27

N2 - Aims:This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of GLP-1 receptor agonists (RAs) in the management of patients with biopsy proven non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), focusing on histopathological and secondary biochemical markers. Materials and methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), ClinicalTrials.gov and SCOPUS were critically appraised for peer-reviewed manuscripts that suitably fulfilled our protocol’s inclusion criteria. Mean Differences (MD), Standardized Mean Differences (SMD), and Risk Ratios (RR) were reported with 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) and derived through a random-effects model from baseline and endpoint readings. We excluded studies investigating NAFLD. Results:Out of 2551 studies identified initially, 4 were meta-analysed. Data from 406 NASH patients were included, of which 250 had TD2M and 243 were female. GLP-1RA were found to be more effective in improving NASH (RR= 2.67, 95% CI= [1.87; 3.81]) and fibrosis (RR= 1.29, 95% CI= [0.99; 1.70]) compared to placebo as well as each individual parameter of NAFLD Activity Score (NAS) system. GLP-1RAs also elicited improvements from baseline scores for metabolic (HbA1c, FPG, and BMI) and secondary biomarkers of NASH (ALT, AST, GGT, and CCCF30). No significant alterations were recorded for the lipid profile (LDL, HDL) and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Injectable semaglutide (0.4mg/day) exhibited the most significant improvements on key histopathological and secondary biomarkers of NASH.Conclusions:This systematic review validated previous evidence of beneficial histological effects of GLP-1RAs on NASH. It also highlighted the need for further research to fully elucidate the optimal GLP-1RA dose regimen and treatment length on NASH histopathological and biochemical markers.

AB - Aims:This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of GLP-1 receptor agonists (RAs) in the management of patients with biopsy proven non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), focusing on histopathological and secondary biochemical markers. Materials and methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), ClinicalTrials.gov and SCOPUS were critically appraised for peer-reviewed manuscripts that suitably fulfilled our protocol’s inclusion criteria. Mean Differences (MD), Standardized Mean Differences (SMD), and Risk Ratios (RR) were reported with 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) and derived through a random-effects model from baseline and endpoint readings. We excluded studies investigating NAFLD. Results:Out of 2551 studies identified initially, 4 were meta-analysed. Data from 406 NASH patients were included, of which 250 had TD2M and 243 were female. GLP-1RA were found to be more effective in improving NASH (RR= 2.67, 95% CI= [1.87; 3.81]) and fibrosis (RR= 1.29, 95% CI= [0.99; 1.70]) compared to placebo as well as each individual parameter of NAFLD Activity Score (NAS) system. GLP-1RAs also elicited improvements from baseline scores for metabolic (HbA1c, FPG, and BMI) and secondary biomarkers of NASH (ALT, AST, GGT, and CCCF30). No significant alterations were recorded for the lipid profile (LDL, HDL) and insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). Injectable semaglutide (0.4mg/day) exhibited the most significant improvements on key histopathological and secondary biomarkers of NASH.Conclusions:This systematic review validated previous evidence of beneficial histological effects of GLP-1RAs on NASH. It also highlighted the need for further research to fully elucidate the optimal GLP-1RA dose regimen and treatment length on NASH histopathological and biochemical markers.

KW - NASH, Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, GLP-1RA, Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis

M3 - Article

JO - DIABETES OBESITY AND METABOLISM

JF - DIABETES OBESITY AND METABOLISM

SN - 1462-8902

ER -

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