The feasibility of a strategy for the remote recruitment, consenting and assessment of recent referrals: A protocol for Phase 1 of the On-Line Parent Training for the Initial Management of ADHD referrals (OPTIMA).

Kasia Kostyrka-Allchorne, Claire Ballard, Sarah Byford, Samuele Cortese, David Daley, Johnny Downs, Blandine French, Cristine Glazebrook, Kimberley Goldsmith, Madeleine Groom, Charlotte L. Hall, Ellen Hedstrom, Zina Ibrahim, Christine Jarvis, Hanna Kovshoff, Jana Kreppner, Nancy Lean, Anna Morris, Walter Muruet Gutierrez, Kapil SayalJames Shearer, Emily Simonoff, Margaret Thompson, Lukasz Zalewski, Edmund Sonuga-Barke*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
38 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: In the UK, children with high levels of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention referred to clinical services with possible attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often wait a long time for specialist diagnostic assessment. Parent training (PT) has the potential to support parents during this difficult period, especially regarding the management of challenging and disruptive behaviours that often accompany ADHD. However, traditional face-to-face PT is costly and difficult to organise in a timely way. We have created a low-cost, easily accessible PT programme delivered via a phone app, Structured E-Parenting Support (STEPS), to address this problem. The overall OPTIMA programme will evaluate the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of STEPS as a way of helping parents manage their children behaviour while on the waitlist. To ensure the timely and efficient evaluation of STEPS in OPTIMA, we have worked with children’s health services to implement a remote strategy for recruitment, screening and assessment of recently referred families. Part of this strategy is incorporated into routine clinical practice and part is OPTIMA specific. Here, we present the protocol for Phase 1 of OPTIMA—a study of the feasibility of this remote strategy, as a basis for a large-scale STEPS randomised controlled trial (RCT). Methods: This is a single arm observational feasibility study. Participants will be parents of up to 100 children aged 5-11 years with high levels of hyperactivity/impulsivity, inattention and challenging behaviour who are waiting for assessment in one of five UK child and adolescent mental health or behavioural services. Recruitment, consenting and data collection will occur remotely. The primary outcome will be the rate at which the families, who meet inclusion criteria, agree in principle to take part in a full STEPS RCT. Secondary outcomes include acceptability of remote consenting and online data collection procedures; the feasibility of collecting teacher data remotely within the required timeframe, and technical difficulties with completing online questionnaires. All parents in the study will receive access to STEPS. Discussion: Establishing the feasibility of our remote recruitment, consenting and assessment strategy is a pre-requisite for the full trial of OPTIMA. It can also provide a model for future trials conducted remotely.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1
JournalPilot and Feasibility Studies
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

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