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The H3receptor agonist immepip does not affect l-dopa-induced abnormal involuntary movements in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article number00142999
Pages (from-to)304-310
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2014

King's Authors


The treatment of dyskinesia in Parkinson's disease remains poor but H3receptor agonists have been suggested as a novel pharmacological approach. We examined the effects of the H3agonist, immepip, in 6-OHDA-lesioned rats exhibiting AIMs (abnormal involuntary movements), a rat analogue of dyskinesia, in response to l-dopa compared to the known anti-dyskinetic agents amantadine, MK-801 and 8-OHDPAT. We then attempted to extend these studies in to dyskinetic 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) treated common marmosets. Amantadine, MK-801 and 8-OHDPAT all dose-dependently reduced l-dopa-induced axial, lingual and oral (ALO) AIMs in 6-OHDA-lesioned animals accompanied by a reduction in contralateral rotation with higher doses of amantadine and MK-801. By contrast, immepip had no effect on AIMs expression or contralateral rotation. In the MPTP-treated common marmoset exhibiting dyskinesia to l-dopa, immepip alone induced retching and in combination with l-dopa administered subcutaneously or orally induced the rapid onset of retching and vomiting which was not controlled by pretreatment with domperidone. Administration of the unrelated H3agonist, imetit had the same effect. Despite causing negative side-effects, it appears that both agonists reduced the antiparkinsonian response to l-dopa resulting in reduced dyskinesia. H3agonists appear unlikely candidates for the treatment of dyskinesia in PD based on lack of evidence of efficacy and potential adverse effects.

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