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The Hobbit Law: Precarity and market citizenship in cultural production

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-36
Number of pages11
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Arts and Cultural Management
Issue number1


  • 209_481_1_PB

    209_481_1_PB.pdf, 421 KB, application/pdf

    Uploaded date:29 Jan 2016

    Version:Final published version

King's Authors


This paper analyses the 2010-11 employment dispute surrounding the filming of The Hobbit in Aotearoa New Zealand, in which issues of precarity and market citizenship were illuminated in the context of transnational film production and labour relations. The case is examined in relation to theories of cultural work, legal studies and feminist political economy and in particular, draws on Fudge’s (2005) concepts of industrial and market citizenship and “citizenship at work”. This dispute refracts and distills some of the links between precarity and market citizenship that cut across regional, national and supra-national boundaries. I use the case to argue for a renewed attention to forms of transnational labour organisation in studies of precarious cultural work.

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