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The IκB Kinase β/Nuclear Factor κB Signaling Pathway Protects the Heart From Hemodynamic Stress Mediated by the Regulation of Manganese Superoxide Dismutase Expression

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Shungo Hikoso, Osamu Yamaguchi, Yuko Nakano, Toshihiro Takeda, Shigemiki Omiya, Isamu Mizote, Manabu Taneike, Takafumi Oka, Takahito Tamai, Jota Oyabu, Yoshihiro Uno, Yasushi Matsumura, Kazuhiko Nishida, Keiichiro Suzuki, Mikihiko Kogo, Masatsugu Hori, Kinya Otsu

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-79
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation Research
Volume105
Issue number1
Early online date28 May 2009
DOIs
E-pub ahead of print28 May 2009
Published2 Jul 2009

King's Authors

Abstract

Cardiomyocyte death plays an important role in the pathogenesis of heart failure. The nuclear factor (NF)-kappa B signaling pathway regulates cell death, however, the effect of NF-kappa B pathway on cell death can vary in different cells or stimuli. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the in vivo role of the NF-kappa B pathway in response to pressure overload. First, we subjected C57B16/J mice to pressure overload by means of transverse aortic constriction (TAC) and examined the activity of the NF-kappa B pathway in response to pressure overload. I kappa B kinase (IKK) and NF-kappa B were activated after TAC. Then, we investigated the role of the activation using cardiac-specific IKK beta-deficient mice (CKO). CKO displayed normal global cardiac structure and function compared with control littermates. We subjected CKO and control mice to pressure overload. One week after TAC, CKO showed cardiac dilation, dysfunction, and lung congestion, which are characteristics of heart failure. The number of apoptotic cells in the hearts of CKO mice increased significantly after TAC. The levels of manganese superoxide dismutase mRNA and protein expression in CKO after TAC were significantly attenuated compared with control mice. The levels of oxidative stress and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation in CKO after TAC were significantly greater than those in control mice. Isoproterenol-induced cell death of isolated adult CKO cardiomyocytes was inhibited by treatment with either a manganese superoxide dismutase mimetic or a JNK inhibitor. Thus, the IKK beta/NF-kappa B signaling pathway plays a protective role in cardiomyocytes because of the attenuation of oxidative stress and JNK activation in a setting of acute pressure overload. (Circ Res. 2009; 105: 70-79.)

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