The impact of dark-blood versus conventional bright-blood late gadolinium enhancement on the myocardial ischemic burden

Russell Franks, Robert J. Holtackers, Ebraham Alskaf, Muhummad Sohaib Nazir, Brian Clapp, Joachim E. Wildberger, Divaka Perera, Sven Plein, Amedeo Chiribiri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: In perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), ischemic burden predicts adverse prognosis and is often used to guide revascularization. Ischemic scar tissue can cause stress perfusion defects that do not represent myocardial ischemia. Dark-blood late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) methods detect more scar than conventional bright-blood LGE, however, the impact on the myocardial ischemic burden estimation is unknown and evaluated in this study. Methods: Forty patients with CMR stress perfusion defects and ischemic scar on both dark-blood and bright-blood LGE were included. For dark-blood LGE, phase sensitive inversion recovery imaging with left ventricular blood pool nulling was used. Ischemic scar burden was quantified for both methods using >5 standard deviations above remote myocardium. Perfusion defects were manually contoured, and the myocardial ischemic burden was calculated by subtracting the ischemic scar burden from the perfusion defect burden. Results: Ischemic scar burden by dark-blood LGE was higher than bright-blood LGE (13.3 ± 7.4% vs. 10.3 ± 7.1%, p < 0.001). Dark-blood LGE derived myocardial ischemic burden was lower compared with bright-blood LGE (15.6% (IQR: 10.3 to 22.0) vs. 19.3 (10.9 to 25.5), median difference −2.0%, p < 0.001) with a mean bias of −2.8% (95% confidence intervals: −4.0 to −1.6%) and a large effect size (r = 0.62). Conclusion: Stress perfusion defects are associated with higher ischemic scar burden using dark-blood LGE compared with bright-blood LGE, which leads to a lower estimation of the myocardial ischemic burden. The prognostic value of using a dark-blood LGE derived ischemic burden to guide revascularization is unknown and warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109947
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume144
Early online date8 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular magnetic resonance
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Dark-blood
  • Late gadolinium enhancement
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Myocardial perfusion

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