King's College London

Research portal

The impact of employment on perceived recovery from opiate dependence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

The impact of employment on perceived recovery from opiate dependence. / Lowe, Elizabeth; Akhtar, Shabana; Emmerson, Oliver; Parkman, Thomas James; Day, Ed.

In: Drugs and Alcohol Today , 28.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Lowe, E, Akhtar, S, Emmerson, O, Parkman, TJ & Day, E 2018, 'The impact of employment on perceived recovery from opiate dependence', Drugs and Alcohol Today .

APA

Lowe, E., Akhtar, S., Emmerson, O., Parkman, T. J., & Day, E. (Accepted/In press). The impact of employment on perceived recovery from opiate dependence. Drugs and Alcohol Today .

Vancouver

Lowe E, Akhtar S, Emmerson O, Parkman TJ, Day E. The impact of employment on perceived recovery from opiate dependence. Drugs and Alcohol Today . 2018 Jan 28.

Author

Lowe, Elizabeth ; Akhtar, Shabana ; Emmerson, Oliver ; Parkman, Thomas James ; Day, Ed. / The impact of employment on perceived recovery from opiate dependence. In: Drugs and Alcohol Today . 2018.

Bibtex Download

@article{a8ae3d0a19464347963a23095495d3ac,
title = "The impact of employment on perceived recovery from opiate dependence",
abstract = "Purpose: Less than 15% of people starting opiate substitution treatment (OST) in England are employed, but few gain employment during treatment. Increasingly punitive approaches have been tried to encourage individuals with substance dependence into employment in the hope of facilitating recovery. It is not clear which factors are associated with the successful maintenance of employment whilst receiving OST, and whether this group can be said to be {\textquoteleft}in recovery{\textquoteright}.Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional study of the OST population in one English region was conducted between January and April 2017. Measures of physical health, employment patterns, drug use, mental health, recovery capital, and dependence severity were administered to 55 employed and 55 unemployed clients.Findings: Those in employment had higher levels of {\textquoteleft}recovery capital{\textquoteright}, better physical and mental health, fewer drug problems, and less severe dependence, despite reporting heroin use at a similar level. Three variables were significantly associated with employment: longest period of employment (OR=1.01, p=0.003); number of chronic medical conditions (OR=0.44, p=0.011); and number of days of psychological problems in the last month (OR=0.95, p=0.031).Research limitations/implications:Practical implications: These results suggest that abstinence may not be required in order to maintain stable employment when opiate substitution treatment is in place. Different treatment strategies are required for clients receiving OST already in employment compared with those who are unemployed.Social implications:Originality/value: This is the first UK study to our knowledge to focus on people receiving OST who are also in employment.",
author = "Elizabeth Lowe and Shabana Akhtar and Oliver Emmerson and Parkman, {Thomas James} and Ed Day",
year = "2018",
month = jan,
day = "28",
language = "English",
journal = "Drugs and Alcohol Today ",
issn = "1745-9265",
publisher = "Emerald Group Publishing Ltd.",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of employment on perceived recovery from opiate dependence

AU - Lowe, Elizabeth

AU - Akhtar, Shabana

AU - Emmerson, Oliver

AU - Parkman, Thomas James

AU - Day, Ed

PY - 2018/1/28

Y1 - 2018/1/28

N2 - Purpose: Less than 15% of people starting opiate substitution treatment (OST) in England are employed, but few gain employment during treatment. Increasingly punitive approaches have been tried to encourage individuals with substance dependence into employment in the hope of facilitating recovery. It is not clear which factors are associated with the successful maintenance of employment whilst receiving OST, and whether this group can be said to be ‘in recovery’.Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional study of the OST population in one English region was conducted between January and April 2017. Measures of physical health, employment patterns, drug use, mental health, recovery capital, and dependence severity were administered to 55 employed and 55 unemployed clients.Findings: Those in employment had higher levels of ‘recovery capital’, better physical and mental health, fewer drug problems, and less severe dependence, despite reporting heroin use at a similar level. Three variables were significantly associated with employment: longest period of employment (OR=1.01, p=0.003); number of chronic medical conditions (OR=0.44, p=0.011); and number of days of psychological problems in the last month (OR=0.95, p=0.031).Research limitations/implications:Practical implications: These results suggest that abstinence may not be required in order to maintain stable employment when opiate substitution treatment is in place. Different treatment strategies are required for clients receiving OST already in employment compared with those who are unemployed.Social implications:Originality/value: This is the first UK study to our knowledge to focus on people receiving OST who are also in employment.

AB - Purpose: Less than 15% of people starting opiate substitution treatment (OST) in England are employed, but few gain employment during treatment. Increasingly punitive approaches have been tried to encourage individuals with substance dependence into employment in the hope of facilitating recovery. It is not clear which factors are associated with the successful maintenance of employment whilst receiving OST, and whether this group can be said to be ‘in recovery’.Design/methodology/approach: A cross-sectional study of the OST population in one English region was conducted between January and April 2017. Measures of physical health, employment patterns, drug use, mental health, recovery capital, and dependence severity were administered to 55 employed and 55 unemployed clients.Findings: Those in employment had higher levels of ‘recovery capital’, better physical and mental health, fewer drug problems, and less severe dependence, despite reporting heroin use at a similar level. Three variables were significantly associated with employment: longest period of employment (OR=1.01, p=0.003); number of chronic medical conditions (OR=0.44, p=0.011); and number of days of psychological problems in the last month (OR=0.95, p=0.031).Research limitations/implications:Practical implications: These results suggest that abstinence may not be required in order to maintain stable employment when opiate substitution treatment is in place. Different treatment strategies are required for clients receiving OST already in employment compared with those who are unemployed.Social implications:Originality/value: This is the first UK study to our knowledge to focus on people receiving OST who are also in employment.

M3 - Article

JO - Drugs and Alcohol Today

JF - Drugs and Alcohol Today

SN - 1745-9265

ER -

View graph of relations

© 2018 King's College London | Strand | London WC2R 2LS | England | United Kingdom | Tel +44 (0)20 7836 5454