The Mysteries of Freedom of Establishment after Cartesio

Carsten Gerner-Beuerle, Michael Schillig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The judgment of the European Court of Justice in Cartesio was eagerly awaited as a clarification of the questions concerning the scope of the right of establishment (articles 49, 54 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU), (ex-articles 43, 48 EC) that remained after previous landmark decisions such as Centros, Uberseering, and Inspire Art. This article analyses the implications of Cartesio in light of different scenarios of transfer of the registered and the real seat within the European Union. It assesses the interrelations of right of establishment and private international law rules for the determination of the law applicable to companies and concludes that the case law of the European Court of Justice after Cartesio, rather than providing for a coherent system of European company law, leads to arbitrary distinctions and significantly impedes the free movement of companies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303 - 323
Number of pages21
JournalInternational and Comparative Law Quarterly
Issue number2
Early online date14 May 2010
Publication statusPublished - 2010


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