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The Parent Play Questionnaire (PPQ): development of a parent questionnaire to assess parent-child play and digital media use

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Yasmin Ahmadzadeh, Kathryn J. Lester, Bonamy R. Oliver, Tom A. McAdams

King's Authors


We introduce the Parent Play Questionnaire (PPQ), a parent-report measure designed to assess frequency of parent-infant play, parents’ attitudes towards play with their infant, and infants’ use of digital media. We describe measure development and empirical data across three samples of parent-infant dyads (total N = 414, offspring aged 0.3 – 2.5 years). Three latent factors explain the PPQ, corresponding with theoretically defined subscales. Summary scores showed good internal consistency and normally distributed results. Weak to moderate correlations were found between the frequency and attitude play scales, and with standardised measures of family social and emotional characteristics. Overall, frequency of digital media use was not correlated with play or broader family variables. Results suggest that the PPQ will be a useful tool for researchers interested in assessing parent-child play during early childhood.

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