The Pharmacology of Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels in Sensory Neurones

Reg Docherty, Clare Farmer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

24 Citations (Scopus)


Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) are vital for the normal functioning of most excitable cells. At least nine distinct functional subtypes of VGSC are recognized corresponding to nine genes for their pore-forming -subunits. These have different developmental expression patterns, different tissue distributions in the adult and are differentially regulated at the cellular level by receptor-coupled cell signalling systems. Unsurprisingly, VGSC blockers are found to be useful as drugs in diverse clinical applications where excessive excitability of tissue leads to pathological dysfunction e.g. epilepsy or cardiac tachyarrhythmias. Most clinically useful VGSC blockers have a complex pharmacology in that their effects are use-dependent i.e. their efficacy depends on channel activity. In addition, many natural toxins have been discovered that interact with VGSCs in complex ways and they have been used as experimental probes to study the structure and function of the channels and to better understand how drugs interact with the channels. Here we have attempted to summarize the properties of VGSCs in sensory neurones, discussed how they are regulated by cell signalling systems and we have considered briefly current concepts of their physiological function. We discuss in detail how drugs and toxins interact with archetypal VGSCs and where possible consider how they act on VGSCs in peripheral sensory neurones. Increasingly, drugs that block VGSCs are being used as systemic analgesic agents in chronic pain syndromes but the full potential for VGSC blockers in this indication is yet to be realized and other applications in sensory dysfunction are also possible. Drugs targeting VGSC subtypes in sensory neurones are likely to provide novel systemic analgesics that are tissue specific and perhaps even pathology specific, providing much-needed novel therapeutic approaches for the relief of chronic pain.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Place of PublicationBerlin Heidelberg
PublisherSpringer‐Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Number of pages42
ISBN (Electronic)doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-79090-7_15
ISBN (Print)9783540790891
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • voltage-gated sodium channel, local anaesthetic, anticonvulsant, antiarrhythmic, tetrodotoxin, pain, hyperalgesia, analgesic


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