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The prevalence of dental anxiety among psychiatric patients with depression and their preferred pharmacological management techniques for dental treatment.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohsen Al-Jabri, Aboeleez Kalboush, Hassan Abed

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
JournalSAAD DIGEST
Volume36
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

King's Authors

Abstract

Aims: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of dental anxiety and the preferred pharmacological management techniques among psychiatric patients with different types of depression. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study from November 2017 to January 2018. The participants were recruited from the Department of Psychiatry in the Holy City of Makkah (Saudi Arabia). The study complied with the ‘Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology’ (STROBE) Guidelines. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) was used to classify the types of depression. The study questionnaires were given to willing participants in the form of closed-ended questions. A chi-squared test was used to assess relationships between categorical variables. One-way ANOVA was used to compare means between more than two groups. Results: Seventy patients were included in the study (50% response rate). The mean age was 42 (SD=14.9). Thirty-two male (46%) and 38 female (54%) participants were recruited. Thirty-four of the participants (49%) reported having dental anxiety. Twenty-eight (40%) of the participants belonged to the group of unspecified depressive episodes, of whom 50% reported having dental anxiety. Twenty-nine participants (41%) preferred to receive dental treatments under local anaesthesia, 24 participants (34%) preferred to receive dental treatments under local anaesthesia combined with different types of conscious sedation techniques, while 17 participants (25%) preferred to receive dental treatments under local anaesthesia and general anaesthesia. Conclusions: It is not unusual for psychiatric patients suffering from depression to have dental anxiety preventing them from accessing dental services. The majority of the participants preferred dental treatment to be carried out under local anaesthesia with conscious sedation or general anaesthesia.

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