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The Professional Middle Class in Afghanistan: From Pivot of Development to Political Marginality

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Artemy M. Kalinovsky, Antonio Giustozzi

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-378
Number of pages24
JournalHumanity: An International Journal of Human Rights, Humanitarianism, and Development
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2017

Documents

  • The Professional Middle Class_KALINOVSKY_Published25July2017_GREEN VoR

    The_Professional_Middle_Class_KALINOVSKY_Published25July2017_GREEN_VoR.pdf, 1.08 MB, application/pdf

    25/07/2018

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Abstract

This essay explores the various efforts to create an Afghan middle class through three periods: first under the Musahiban dynasty (until 1973) and republic (1973–1978), second during the communist period and Soviet intervention (1978–1992), and lastly since the United States-led invasion in 2001. Drawing on archival research and oral histories, the authors place the development programs of each era into broader context, while pointing to the similarities and differences. The authors also compare the Cold War period, when state-led modernization was in vogue, and the current era, when the role of the state is minimized and NGOs are a dominant part of the development landscape.

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