The recognition of dementia in 'non-EMI' nursing home residents in South East England

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Objectives To estimate the agreement between nursing staff's recognition of dementia and results of MMSE assessment in a probability sample of non-specialist nursing home residents in South East England, and to identify correlates of disagreement. Methods Prospective survey. The most senior nurse on duty was interviewed about each resident sampled, and optionally about their own training and experience. Residents were interviewed using the MMSE, and assessed using the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia, the Barthel ADL index, and the Behave-AD scale for behavioural. problems. Results 135 nurses were interviewed about 445 residents-116 reported on of the 291 residents scoring 23 or lesson the MMSE-34% of these were acknowledged to have dementia. 46.4% of those with MMSE scores of 15 or less were acknowledged to have dementia. 'Missed dementia' was associated with,higher MMSE and lower Behave-AD scores, and inversely associated with RMN training and private home ownership for profit. It was not associated with training or duration of staff employment. Conclusions Most cognitive impairment in non-specialist nursing homes appeared to be unrecognised. This has implications for the prospects of good dementia care in these homes. Copyright (C) 2003 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105 - 108
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2003


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