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The relation between a multicomponent working memory and intelligence: The roles of central executive and short-term storage functions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-180
JournalIntelligence
Volume53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2015

King's Authors

Abstract

This study examined the relationship among multifaceted functions of working memory, namely central executive functions (shifting, inhibition and updating) and short-term storage components (phonological loop and visuo-spatial sketchpad), and general intelligence in 110 healthy participants using structural equation modelling. The key findings support a multidimensional model of the central executive in showing that updating, inhibition and short-term storage differentially correlate with general intelligence, including both fluid and crystallized intelligence. These results suggest that both processing and storage components of working memory contribute to the relation with general intelligence.

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