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The relation between a multicomponent working memory and intelligence: The roles of central executive and short-term storage functions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)166-180
Published1 Nov 2015

King's Authors


This study examined the relationship among multifaceted functions of working memory, namely central executive functions (shifting, inhibition and updating) and short-term storage components (phonological loop and visuo-spatial sketchpad), and general intelligence in 110 healthy participants using structural equation modelling. The key findings support a multidimensional model of the central executive in showing that updating, inhibition and short-term storage differentially correlate with general intelligence, including both fluid and crystallized intelligence. These results suggest that both processing and storage components of working memory contribute to the relation with general intelligence.

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