The relationship of parental expressed emotion to co-occurring psychopathology in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: A systematic review

Marina Romero-Gonzalez*, Susie Chandler, Emily Simonoff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Expressed emotion is a construct of the affective relationship between two people, with domains measuring criticism, hostility, warmth, relationship and emotional over-involvement. This review focuses on studies of Expressed Emotion in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and its association with co-occurring psychiatric disorders. A systematic search used the Psych-Info and Medline databases to identify articles available at or before September 2016. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria. The included studies suggest that high levels of expressed emotion, including criticism, are associated with behavioural problems. However, the relationship between expressed emotion and emotional problems is presently unclear because findings were mixed. Also, there is presently little evidence regarding the impact of other components of expressed emotion on co-occurring disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-165
Number of pages14
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume72
Early online date20 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Co-occurring disorders
  • Expressed emotion
  • Family characteristics
  • Psychopathology

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