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The role of emergency preparedness exercises in the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident: A mixed methods study

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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The role of emergency preparedness exercises in the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident : A mixed methods study. / Skryabina, Elena A.; Betts, Naomi; Reedy, Gabriel; Riley, Paul; Amlôt, Richard.

In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 46, 101503, 06.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Skryabina, EA, Betts, N, Reedy, G, Riley, P & Amlôt, R 2020, 'The role of emergency preparedness exercises in the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident: A mixed methods study', International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, vol. 46, 101503. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101503

APA

Skryabina, E. A., Betts, N., Reedy, G., Riley, P., & Amlôt, R. (2020). The role of emergency preparedness exercises in the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident: A mixed methods study. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 46, [101503]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101503

Vancouver

Skryabina EA, Betts N, Reedy G, Riley P, Amlôt R. The role of emergency preparedness exercises in the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident: A mixed methods study. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2020 Jun;46. 101503. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101503

Author

Skryabina, Elena A. ; Betts, Naomi ; Reedy, Gabriel ; Riley, Paul ; Amlôt, Richard. / The role of emergency preparedness exercises in the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident : A mixed methods study. In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2020 ; Vol. 46.

Bibtex Download

@article{c21f47c57cf04afda534d75a742bbaf8,
title = "The role of emergency preparedness exercises in the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident: A mixed methods study",
abstract = "Simulation exercises are an important part of emergency preparedness activities for the healthcare community but evidence of their impact on the response to real major incidents is limited. This project studied the impact of health emergency preparedness exercises (HEPEs) on the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident. The mixed methods study design was adopted comprising an on-line survey and follow up individual interviews. Participants were healthcare staff who took part in responses to three major terrorist incidents in the UK in 2017. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance were undertaken with quantitative data. Content and thematic analysis methods were used for qualitative data analysis. The online survey generated 86 responses; 79 (92{\%}) were from the responders to the Manchester Arena bombing. Twenty-one survey respondents shared their experiences in in-depth interviews. Healthcare staff who took part in HEPEs felt better prepared to respond than those who did not attend an exercise. The most commonly reported benefits from HEPEs were awareness of major incident plans and having the opportunity to practice responding to a similar scenario in the recent exercise. Specific benefits included: improved coordination of the response through adherence to recently practiced incident plans; confidence with response roles; real-time modifications of the response and support provided to staff who did not take part in exercises. Exercise recency was highlighted as an important facilitating factor. The study provides strong objective evidence that the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident was enhanced by training and service development achieved through HEPEs.",
keywords = "Disaster training, Emergency medical services, Emergency preparedness, Emergency preparedness exercises, HEPE, Manchester Arena bombing",
author = "Skryabina, {Elena A.} and Naomi Betts and Gabriel Reedy and Paul Riley and Richard Aml{\^o}t",
year = "2020",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101503",
language = "English",
volume = "46",
journal = "International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction",
issn = "2212-4209",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of emergency preparedness exercises in the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident

T2 - A mixed methods study

AU - Skryabina, Elena A.

AU - Betts, Naomi

AU - Reedy, Gabriel

AU - Riley, Paul

AU - Amlôt, Richard

PY - 2020/6

Y1 - 2020/6

N2 - Simulation exercises are an important part of emergency preparedness activities for the healthcare community but evidence of their impact on the response to real major incidents is limited. This project studied the impact of health emergency preparedness exercises (HEPEs) on the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident. The mixed methods study design was adopted comprising an on-line survey and follow up individual interviews. Participants were healthcare staff who took part in responses to three major terrorist incidents in the UK in 2017. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance were undertaken with quantitative data. Content and thematic analysis methods were used for qualitative data analysis. The online survey generated 86 responses; 79 (92%) were from the responders to the Manchester Arena bombing. Twenty-one survey respondents shared their experiences in in-depth interviews. Healthcare staff who took part in HEPEs felt better prepared to respond than those who did not attend an exercise. The most commonly reported benefits from HEPEs were awareness of major incident plans and having the opportunity to practice responding to a similar scenario in the recent exercise. Specific benefits included: improved coordination of the response through adherence to recently practiced incident plans; confidence with response roles; real-time modifications of the response and support provided to staff who did not take part in exercises. Exercise recency was highlighted as an important facilitating factor. The study provides strong objective evidence that the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident was enhanced by training and service development achieved through HEPEs.

AB - Simulation exercises are an important part of emergency preparedness activities for the healthcare community but evidence of their impact on the response to real major incidents is limited. This project studied the impact of health emergency preparedness exercises (HEPEs) on the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident. The mixed methods study design was adopted comprising an on-line survey and follow up individual interviews. Participants were healthcare staff who took part in responses to three major terrorist incidents in the UK in 2017. Descriptive statistics and analysis of variance were undertaken with quantitative data. Content and thematic analysis methods were used for qualitative data analysis. The online survey generated 86 responses; 79 (92%) were from the responders to the Manchester Arena bombing. Twenty-one survey respondents shared their experiences in in-depth interviews. Healthcare staff who took part in HEPEs felt better prepared to respond than those who did not attend an exercise. The most commonly reported benefits from HEPEs were awareness of major incident plans and having the opportunity to practice responding to a similar scenario in the recent exercise. Specific benefits included: improved coordination of the response through adherence to recently practiced incident plans; confidence with response roles; real-time modifications of the response and support provided to staff who did not take part in exercises. Exercise recency was highlighted as an important facilitating factor. The study provides strong objective evidence that the response to a mass casualty terrorist incident was enhanced by training and service development achieved through HEPEs.

KW - Disaster training

KW - Emergency medical services

KW - Emergency preparedness

KW - Emergency preparedness exercises

KW - HEPE

KW - Manchester Arena bombing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85079523583&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101503

DO - 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2020.101503

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85079523583

VL - 46

JO - International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction

JF - International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction

SN - 2212-4209

M1 - 101503

ER -

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