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The role of social support in the relationship between urinary incontinence and psychological distress in older adults

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Laurie M Corna, John Cairney

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-94
Number of pages10
JournalCANADIAN JOURNAL ON AGING-REVUE CANADIENNE DU VIEILLISSEMENT
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2005

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Abstract

While an association between UI and psychological distress among older adults has been established in the literature, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain less clear. Using a sample of 4,689 older adults from the Canadian Community Health Survey (1.1), we test the potential mediating and moderating effects of four dimensions of social support on the UI-distress relationship. Incontinent older adults are significantly more likely to report higher levels of distress than continent adults. Although we do not find support for a mediating effect of any of the dimensions of social support, we do report a significant interaction between one dimension of social support (tangible support) and UI. A buffering effect of tangible support is evident for continent - but not incontinent - respondents. These findings emphasize the need to assess the types of social support and the context in which they operate.

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