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The schizophrenia genetics knowledgebase: a comprehensive update of findings from candidate gene studies

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Chenxing Liu, Tetsufumi Kanazawa, Ye Tian, Suriati Mohamed Saini, Serafino Mancuso, Md Shaki Mostaid, Atsushi Takahashi, Dai Zhang, Fuquan Zhang, Hao Yu, Hyoung Doo Shin, Hyun Sub Cheong, Masashi Ikeda, Michiaki Kubo, Nakao Iwata, Sung Il Woo, Weihua Yue, Yoichiro Kamatani, Yongyong Shi, Zhiqiang Li & 3 others Ian Everall, Christos Pantelis, Chad Bousman

Original languageEnglish
Article number205
JournalTranslational psychiatry
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

King's Authors

Abstract

Over 3000 candidate gene association studies have been performed to elucidate the genetic underpinnings of schizophrenia. However, a comprehensive evaluation of these studies’ findings has not been undertaken since the decommissioning of the schizophrenia gene (SzGene) database in 2011. As such, we systematically identified and carried out random-effects meta-analyses for all polymorphisms with four or more independent studies in schizophrenia along with a series of expanded meta-analyses incorporating published and unpublished genome-wide association (GWA) study data. Based on 550 meta-analyses, 11 SNPs in eight linkage disequilibrium (LD) independent loci showed Bonferroni-significant associations with schizophrenia. Expanded meta-analyses identified an additional 10 SNPs, for a total of 21 Bonferroni-significant SNPs in 14 LD-independent loci. Three of these loci (MTHFR, DAOA, ARVCF) had never been implicated by a schizophrenia GWA study. In sum, the present study has provided a comprehensive summary of the current schizophrenia genetics knowledgebase and has made available all the collected data as a resource for the research community.

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