The selective 5-HT1F receptor agonist lasmiditan inhibits trigeminal nociceptive processing: implications for migraine and cluster headache

Marta Vila Pueyo, Keith Page, Paul Murdock, Howard Loraine, Amanda Woodrooffe, Kirk Johnson, Peter Goadsby, Philip Holland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Lasmiditan is a novel selective 5-HT 1F receptor agonist, recently approved for acute treatment of migraine. 5-HT 1F receptors are widely expressed in the CNS and trigeminovascular system. Here, we have explored the therapeutic effects of 5-HT 1F receptor activation in preclinical models of migraine and cluster headache. Experimental Approach: Electrical stimulation of the dura mater or the superior salivatory nucleus in anaesthetised rats evoked trigeminovascular or trigeminal–autonomic reflex activation at the level of the trigeminocervical complex. Additionally, cranial autonomic manifestations in response to trigeminal–autonomic reflex activation were measured, via anterior choroidal blood flow alterations. These responses were then challenged with lasmiditan. We explored the tissue distribution of mRNA for 5-HT 1F receptors in human post-mortem tissue and of several 5-HT 1 receptor subtypes in specific tissue beds. Key Results: Lasmiditan dose-dependently reduced trigeminovascular activation in a preclinical model of migraine. Lasmiditan also reduced superior salivatory nucleus-evoked activation of the trigeminal–autonomic reflex, but had no effect on cranial autonomic activation. mRNA profiling in human tissue showed expression of the 5-HT 1F receptor in several structures relevant for migraine and cluster headache. Conclusion and Implications: Our data suggest that lasmiditan acts, at least in part, as an anti-migraine agent by reducing trigeminovascular activation. Furthermore, our results highlight a clear action for lasmiditan in a preclinical model of cluster headache. Given the proven translational efficacy of this model, our data support the potential utility of lasmiditan as a therapeutic option for the acute treatment of cluster headache attacks.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBritish journal of pharmacology
Early online date16 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Nov 2021

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