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The value of European immigration for high-level UK research and clinical care: cross-sectional study

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The value of European immigration for high-level UK research and clinical care : cross-sectional study. / Begum, Mursheda; Lewison, Grant; Lawler, Mark; Sullivan, Richard.

In: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, Vol. 112, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 29-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Begum, M, Lewison, G, Lawler, M & Sullivan, R 2019, 'The value of European immigration for high-level UK research and clinical care: cross-sectional study', Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, vol. 112, no. 1, pp. 29-35. https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076818803427

APA

Begum, M., Lewison, G., Lawler, M., & Sullivan, R. (2019). The value of European immigration for high-level UK research and clinical care: cross-sectional study. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 112(1), 29-35. https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076818803427

Vancouver

Begum M, Lewison G, Lawler M, Sullivan R. The value of European immigration for high-level UK research and clinical care: cross-sectional study. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 2019 Jan 1;112(1):29-35. https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076818803427

Author

Begum, Mursheda ; Lewison, Grant ; Lawler, Mark ; Sullivan, Richard. / The value of European immigration for high-level UK research and clinical care : cross-sectional study. In: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 112, No. 1. pp. 29-35.

Bibtex Download

@article{cade6f9660cf4944902bab9f659e3013,
title = "The value of European immigration for high-level UK research and clinical care: cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Objective: The UK’s impending departure (‘Brexit’) from the European Union may lead to restrictions on the immigration of scientists and medical personnel to the UK. We examined how many senior scientists and clinicians were from other countries, particularly from Europe, in two time periods. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: United Kingdom. Participants: Individuals who had been elected as Fellows of the Royal Society or of the Academy of Medical Sciences, and UK medical doctors currently practising and listed in the Medical Register for 2015. Main outcome measures: Percentages of Fellows of the Royal Society, Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences and UK medical doctors by nationality (UK and Irish: UKI, European: EUR and rest of world: RoW) over time. Fellows of the Royal Society and the Academy of Medical Sciences proportions were assessed for two time periods, and doctors over decades of qualification (<1960s to 2010s). Results: Percentages of European Fellows of the Royal Society increased from 0.8{\%} (1952–1992) (the year the UK signed the Maastricht treaty) to 4.3{\%} (1993–2015). For Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences, percentages increased from 2.6{\%} (pre-1992) to 8.9{\%} (post-1992) (for both, p < 0.001). In the 1970s, only 6{\%} of doctors were trained in the EU; the proportion increased to 11{\%} in the last two decades (also p < 0.001). Europeans replaced South Asians as the main immigrant group. Among these, doctors from the Czech Republic, Greece, Poland and Romania made the largest contribution. Conclusions: Any post-Brexit restriction on the ability of the UK to attract European researchers and medical doctors may have serious implications for the UK’s science leadership globally and healthcare provision locally.",
keywords = "Brexit, European immigration, European Union (EU), Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences, Fellows of the Royal Society, medical doctors",
author = "Mursheda Begum and Grant Lewison and Mark Lawler and Richard Sullivan",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0141076818803427",
language = "English",
volume = "112",
pages = "29--35",
journal = "Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine",
issn = "0141-0768",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The value of European immigration for high-level UK research and clinical care

T2 - cross-sectional study

AU - Begum, Mursheda

AU - Lewison, Grant

AU - Lawler, Mark

AU - Sullivan, Richard

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: The UK’s impending departure (‘Brexit’) from the European Union may lead to restrictions on the immigration of scientists and medical personnel to the UK. We examined how many senior scientists and clinicians were from other countries, particularly from Europe, in two time periods. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: United Kingdom. Participants: Individuals who had been elected as Fellows of the Royal Society or of the Academy of Medical Sciences, and UK medical doctors currently practising and listed in the Medical Register for 2015. Main outcome measures: Percentages of Fellows of the Royal Society, Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences and UK medical doctors by nationality (UK and Irish: UKI, European: EUR and rest of world: RoW) over time. Fellows of the Royal Society and the Academy of Medical Sciences proportions were assessed for two time periods, and doctors over decades of qualification (<1960s to 2010s). Results: Percentages of European Fellows of the Royal Society increased from 0.8% (1952–1992) (the year the UK signed the Maastricht treaty) to 4.3% (1993–2015). For Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences, percentages increased from 2.6% (pre-1992) to 8.9% (post-1992) (for both, p < 0.001). In the 1970s, only 6% of doctors were trained in the EU; the proportion increased to 11% in the last two decades (also p < 0.001). Europeans replaced South Asians as the main immigrant group. Among these, doctors from the Czech Republic, Greece, Poland and Romania made the largest contribution. Conclusions: Any post-Brexit restriction on the ability of the UK to attract European researchers and medical doctors may have serious implications for the UK’s science leadership globally and healthcare provision locally.

AB - Objective: The UK’s impending departure (‘Brexit’) from the European Union may lead to restrictions on the immigration of scientists and medical personnel to the UK. We examined how many senior scientists and clinicians were from other countries, particularly from Europe, in two time periods. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: United Kingdom. Participants: Individuals who had been elected as Fellows of the Royal Society or of the Academy of Medical Sciences, and UK medical doctors currently practising and listed in the Medical Register for 2015. Main outcome measures: Percentages of Fellows of the Royal Society, Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences and UK medical doctors by nationality (UK and Irish: UKI, European: EUR and rest of world: RoW) over time. Fellows of the Royal Society and the Academy of Medical Sciences proportions were assessed for two time periods, and doctors over decades of qualification (<1960s to 2010s). Results: Percentages of European Fellows of the Royal Society increased from 0.8% (1952–1992) (the year the UK signed the Maastricht treaty) to 4.3% (1993–2015). For Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences, percentages increased from 2.6% (pre-1992) to 8.9% (post-1992) (for both, p < 0.001). In the 1970s, only 6% of doctors were trained in the EU; the proportion increased to 11% in the last two decades (also p < 0.001). Europeans replaced South Asians as the main immigrant group. Among these, doctors from the Czech Republic, Greece, Poland and Romania made the largest contribution. Conclusions: Any post-Brexit restriction on the ability of the UK to attract European researchers and medical doctors may have serious implications for the UK’s science leadership globally and healthcare provision locally.

KW - Brexit

KW - European immigration

KW - European Union (EU)

KW - Fellows of the Academy of Medical Sciences

KW - Fellows of the Royal Society

KW - medical doctors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060589188&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0141076818803427

DO - 10.1177/0141076818803427

M3 - Article

C2 - 30304641

AN - SCOPUS:85060589188

VL - 112

SP - 29

EP - 35

JO - Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

JF - Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine

SN - 0141-0768

IS - 1

ER -

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