Thinking about motor fluctuations: An examination of metacognitions in Parkinson's disease

Bruce A. Fernie*, Marcantonio M. Spada, K Ray Chaudhuri, Lisa Klingelhoefer, Richard G. Brown, Kallol Ray Chaudhuri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)
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Motor fluctuations (characterised by a sudden increase in symptom intensity, referred to as an 'off-period') are common side effects after treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) with dopaminergic medication. A proportion of these people find motor fluctuations highly distressing. This study aimed to identify metacognitions associated with cognitive and attentional responses to these experiences. 


Ten individuals with PD who experience motor fluctuations were interviewed for this study using an adapted metacognitive profiling schedule. Participants were asked about their metacognitions, and the cognitive processes and attentional strategies activated in response to a distressing off-period. 


Metacognitions identified were more often related to conceptual thinking about symptoms rather than symptom focus and data suggested trends for increased depressive symptoms among individuals with stronger metacognitive beliefs. 


Metacognitions may play a role in determining or maintaining off-period distress in PD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-673
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Issue number6
Early online date11 May 2015
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015


  • Distress
  • Metacognitions
  • Motor fluctuations
  • Off-periods
  • Parkinson's disease


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