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TIDieR-Placebo: A guide and checklist for reporting placebo and sham controls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

TIDieR-Placebo : A guide and checklist for reporting placebo and sham controls. / Howick, Jeremy; Webster, Rebecca K.; Rees, Jonathan L.; Turner, Richard; Macdonald, Helen; Price, Amy; Evers, Andrea W.M.; Bishop, Felicity; Collins, Gary S.; Bokelmann, Klara; Hopewell, Sally; Knottnerus, André; Lamb, Sarah; Madigan, Claire; Napadow, Vitaly; Papanikitas, Andrew N.; Hoffmann, Tammy.

In: PLoS Medicine, Vol. 17, No. 9, 1003294, 01.09.2020, p. e1003294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Howick, J, Webster, RK, Rees, JL, Turner, R, Macdonald, H, Price, A, Evers, AWM, Bishop, F, Collins, GS, Bokelmann, K, Hopewell, S, Knottnerus, A, Lamb, S, Madigan, C, Napadow, V, Papanikitas, AN & Hoffmann, T 2020, 'TIDieR-Placebo: A guide and checklist for reporting placebo and sham controls', PLoS Medicine, vol. 17, no. 9, 1003294, pp. e1003294. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003294

APA

Howick, J., Webster, R. K., Rees, J. L., Turner, R., Macdonald, H., Price, A., Evers, A. W. M., Bishop, F., Collins, G. S., Bokelmann, K., Hopewell, S., Knottnerus, A., Lamb, S., Madigan, C., Napadow, V., Papanikitas, A. N., & Hoffmann, T. (2020). TIDieR-Placebo: A guide and checklist for reporting placebo and sham controls. PLoS Medicine, 17(9), e1003294. [1003294]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003294

Vancouver

Howick J, Webster RK, Rees JL, Turner R, Macdonald H, Price A et al. TIDieR-Placebo: A guide and checklist for reporting placebo and sham controls. PLoS Medicine. 2020 Sep 1;17(9):e1003294. 1003294. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1003294

Author

Howick, Jeremy ; Webster, Rebecca K. ; Rees, Jonathan L. ; Turner, Richard ; Macdonald, Helen ; Price, Amy ; Evers, Andrea W.M. ; Bishop, Felicity ; Collins, Gary S. ; Bokelmann, Klara ; Hopewell, Sally ; Knottnerus, André ; Lamb, Sarah ; Madigan, Claire ; Napadow, Vitaly ; Papanikitas, Andrew N. ; Hoffmann, Tammy. / TIDieR-Placebo : A guide and checklist for reporting placebo and sham controls. In: PLoS Medicine. 2020 ; Vol. 17, No. 9. pp. e1003294.

Bibtex Download

@article{f0650d0f2cf34c869dea3357c9b0e998,
title = "TIDieR-Placebo: A guide and checklist for reporting placebo and sham controls",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Placebo or sham controls are the standard against which the benefits and harms of many active interventions are measured. Whilst the components and the method of their delivery have been shown to affect study outcomes, placebo and sham controls are rarely reported and often not matched to those of the active comparator. This can influence how beneficial or harmful the active intervention appears to be. Without adequate descriptions of placebo or sham controls, it is difficult to interpret results about the benefits and harms of active interventions within placebo-controlled trials. To overcome this problem, we developed a checklist and guide for reporting placebo or sham interventions. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We developed an initial list of items for the checklist by surveying experts in placebo research (n = 14). Because of the diverse contexts in which placebo or sham treatments are used in clinical research, we consulted experts in trials of drugs, surgery, physiotherapy, acupuncture, and psychological interventions. We then used a multistage online Delphi process with 53 participants to determine which items were deemed to be essential. We next convened a group of experts and stakeholders (n = 16). Our main output was a modification of the existing Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist; this allows the key features of both active interventions and placebo or sham controls to be concisely summarised by researchers. The main differences between TIDieR-Placebo and the original TIDieR are the explicit requirement to describe the setting (i.e., features of the physical environment that go beyond geographic location), the need to report whether blinding was successful (when this was measured), and the need to present the description of placebo components alongside those of the active comparator. CONCLUSIONS: We encourage TIDieR-Placebo to be used alongside TIDieR to assist the reporting of placebo or sham components and the trials in which they are used.",
author = "Jeremy Howick and Webster, {Rebecca K.} and Rees, {Jonathan L.} and Richard Turner and Helen Macdonald and Amy Price and Evers, {Andrea W.M.} and Felicity Bishop and Collins, {Gary S.} and Klara Bokelmann and Sally Hopewell and Andr{\'e} Knottnerus and Sarah Lamb and Claire Madigan and Vitaly Napadow and Papanikitas, {Andrew N.} and Tammy Hoffmann",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pmed.1003294",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "e1003294",
journal = "PL o S Medicine",
issn = "1549-1277",
number = "9",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - TIDieR-Placebo

T2 - A guide and checklist for reporting placebo and sham controls

AU - Howick, Jeremy

AU - Webster, Rebecca K.

AU - Rees, Jonathan L.

AU - Turner, Richard

AU - Macdonald, Helen

AU - Price, Amy

AU - Evers, Andrea W.M.

AU - Bishop, Felicity

AU - Collins, Gary S.

AU - Bokelmann, Klara

AU - Hopewell, Sally

AU - Knottnerus, André

AU - Lamb, Sarah

AU - Madigan, Claire

AU - Napadow, Vitaly

AU - Papanikitas, Andrew N.

AU - Hoffmann, Tammy

PY - 2020/9/1

Y1 - 2020/9/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Placebo or sham controls are the standard against which the benefits and harms of many active interventions are measured. Whilst the components and the method of their delivery have been shown to affect study outcomes, placebo and sham controls are rarely reported and often not matched to those of the active comparator. This can influence how beneficial or harmful the active intervention appears to be. Without adequate descriptions of placebo or sham controls, it is difficult to interpret results about the benefits and harms of active interventions within placebo-controlled trials. To overcome this problem, we developed a checklist and guide for reporting placebo or sham interventions. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We developed an initial list of items for the checklist by surveying experts in placebo research (n = 14). Because of the diverse contexts in which placebo or sham treatments are used in clinical research, we consulted experts in trials of drugs, surgery, physiotherapy, acupuncture, and psychological interventions. We then used a multistage online Delphi process with 53 participants to determine which items were deemed to be essential. We next convened a group of experts and stakeholders (n = 16). Our main output was a modification of the existing Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist; this allows the key features of both active interventions and placebo or sham controls to be concisely summarised by researchers. The main differences between TIDieR-Placebo and the original TIDieR are the explicit requirement to describe the setting (i.e., features of the physical environment that go beyond geographic location), the need to report whether blinding was successful (when this was measured), and the need to present the description of placebo components alongside those of the active comparator. CONCLUSIONS: We encourage TIDieR-Placebo to be used alongside TIDieR to assist the reporting of placebo or sham components and the trials in which they are used.

AB - BACKGROUND: Placebo or sham controls are the standard against which the benefits and harms of many active interventions are measured. Whilst the components and the method of their delivery have been shown to affect study outcomes, placebo and sham controls are rarely reported and often not matched to those of the active comparator. This can influence how beneficial or harmful the active intervention appears to be. Without adequate descriptions of placebo or sham controls, it is difficult to interpret results about the benefits and harms of active interventions within placebo-controlled trials. To overcome this problem, we developed a checklist and guide for reporting placebo or sham interventions. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We developed an initial list of items for the checklist by surveying experts in placebo research (n = 14). Because of the diverse contexts in which placebo or sham treatments are used in clinical research, we consulted experts in trials of drugs, surgery, physiotherapy, acupuncture, and psychological interventions. We then used a multistage online Delphi process with 53 participants to determine which items were deemed to be essential. We next convened a group of experts and stakeholders (n = 16). Our main output was a modification of the existing Template for Intervention Description and Replication (TIDieR) checklist; this allows the key features of both active interventions and placebo or sham controls to be concisely summarised by researchers. The main differences between TIDieR-Placebo and the original TIDieR are the explicit requirement to describe the setting (i.e., features of the physical environment that go beyond geographic location), the need to report whether blinding was successful (when this was measured), and the need to present the description of placebo components alongside those of the active comparator. CONCLUSIONS: We encourage TIDieR-Placebo to be used alongside TIDieR to assist the reporting of placebo or sham components and the trials in which they are used.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85091442604&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003294

DO - 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003294

M3 - Article

C2 - 32956344

AN - SCOPUS:85091442604

VL - 17

SP - e1003294

JO - PL o S Medicine

JF - PL o S Medicine

SN - 1549-1277

IS - 9

M1 - 1003294

ER -

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