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Timepix3 as a solid-state time-projection chamber in particle and nuclear physics

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B. Acharya, J. Alexandre, P. Beneš, B. Bergmann, A. Bevan, T. Billoud, H. Branzas, P. Burian, M. Campbell, S. Cecchini, Y. M. Cho, M. de Montigny, A. de Roeck, J. R. Ellis, M. M.H. El Sawy, M. Fairbairn, D. Felea, M. Frank, D. Garvey, J. Hays & 51 more A. M. Hirt, J. Janecek, M. Kalliokoski, A. Korzenev, D. H. Lacarrère, C. Leroy, G. Levi, A. Lionti, P. Mánek, A. Maulik, A. Margiotta, N. Mauri, N. E. Mavromatos, L. Meduna, P. Mermod, L. Millward, V. A. Mitsou, I. Ostrovskiy, P. P. Ouimet, J. Papavassiliou, B. Parker, L. Patrizii, G. E. Pavalas, J. L. Pinfold, L. A. Popa, V. Popa, M. Pozzato, S. Pospíšil, A. Rajantie, R. Ruiz de Austri, Z. Sahnoun, M. Sakellariadou, A. Santra, S. Sarkar, G. Semenoff, A. Shaa, G. Sirri, K. Sliwa, P. Smolyanskiy, R. Soluk, M. Spurio, M. Staelens, M. Suk, M. Tenti, V. Togo, J. A. Tuszynski, A. Upreti, V. Vento, O. Vives, A. Wall, E. White

Original languageEnglish
Article number720
JournalProceedings of Science
Volume390
Published15 Apr 2021
Event40th International Conference on High Energy Physics, ICHEP 2020 - Virtual, Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 28 Jul 20206 Aug 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information: The work was done within the Medipix3 collaboration. The work has further profited from the European Regional Development Fund-Project ?Engineering applications of physics of microworld? (No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000766) and the STFC (UK) grant ST/T000759/1 It was supported by the Generalitat Valenciana via a special grant for MoEDAL and the projects PROMETEO-II/2017/033 and PROMETEO/2019/087 from MCIU / AEI / FEDER, EU via the grants FPA2016-77177-C2-1-P, FPA2017-85985-P, FPA2017-84543-P and PGC2018-094856-BI00. The support of NSERC-Canada is gratefully acknowledged. Funding Information: The work was done within the Medipix3 collaboration. The work has further profited from the European Regional Development Fund-Project “Engineering applications of physics of microworld” (No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000766) and the STFC (UK) grant ST/T000759/1 It was supported by the Generalitat Valenciana via a special grant for MoEDAL and the projects PROMETEO-II/2017/033 and PROMETEO/2019/087 from MCIU / AEI / FEDER, EU via the grants FPA2016-77177-C2-1-P, FPA2017-85985-P, FPA2017-84543-P and PGC2018-094856-BI00. The support of NSERC-Canada is gratefully acknowledged. Publisher Copyright: © Copyright owned by the author(s) under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

King's Authors

Abstract

Timepix3 devices are hybrid pixel detectors developed within the Medipix3 collaboration at CERN providing a simultaneous measurement of energy (ToT) and time of arrival (ToA) in each of its 256 × 256 pixels (pixel pitch: 55 µm). The timestamp resolution below 2 ns allows a measurement of charge carrier drift times, so that particle trajectories can be reconstructed in 3D on a microscopic level (z-resolution: 30-60 µm). The 3D trajectory reconstruction methodology developed elsewhere is validated against simulated data providing ground truth information of the incident angles. The detector response functions and the achievable track angular resolutions are determined. For the first time, data taken with Timepix3 in the MoEDAL experiment are presented. After extracting singly charged minimum ionizing particle (MIP) tracks from the mixed radiation field using characteristic track features, their impact angles are evaluated. The directionality of the MIP radiation field is shown in elevation angle (?) versus azimuthal angle (?) maps, “unfolded” using the simulated detector responses to an omnidirectional radiation field.

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