Background: Twenty-four-hour treatment options could provide a continuous drug delivery strategy in advanced Parkinson’s disease and can ameliorate motor and non-motor complications. Use of levodopa infusion is often limited to 12–16 h/day due to its cost. Adjunctive overnight rotigotine transdermal patch is a continuous drug delivery option successfully used in clinical practice coupled with apomorphine infusion. However, real-life data addressing the tolerability of transdermal dopamine agonist therapy with concomitant use of intrajejunal levodopa infusion in advanced Parkinson’s disease are not available. Objective: To evaluate the tolerability and beneficial effects of combined therapy with overnight rotigotine transdermal patch and intrajejunal levodopa infusion over a follow-up period of 12 months in advanced Parkinson’s disease. Method: In this retrospective data analysis, data before and after the initiation of the continuous drug delivery combined therapy using overnight rotigotine transdermal patch and intrajejunal levodopa infusion were collected from the ongoing non-motor-international-longitudinal study (NILS) and local clinical practice at King’s College Hospital (London, United Kingdom). 12 advanced Parkinson’s disease patients on intrajejunal levodopa therapy who were additionally treated with overnight rotigotine transdermal patch (mean dose 5.67 ± 4.19 mg) are included. Tolerability over a 12-month period was assessed. In addition, changes in motor symptoms (SCales for Outcomes in Parkinson's disease, SCOPA-Motor), non-motor symptoms (Non-Motor Symptoms Scale, NMSS) and quality of life (Parkinson's disease Questionnaire-8, PDQ-8) before and 12-month after continuous drug delivery combined therapy initiation are evaluated. Results: Tolerability was 100% irrespective of age, disease duration, stages of disease. (Treatment with overnight rotigotine transdermal patch that was maintained for a minimum of 6 months was considered “tolerated”, primary tolerability). In addition, we noted a significant reduction of the NMSS total score (p = 0.009) and the NMSS domain 3 score (mood and apathy domain) (p = 0.028), although the latter did not remain statistically significant after correction for multiple testing (p2 = 0.252) at 12 months. Conclusion: Combination of intrajejunal levodopa infusion with overnight rotigotine transdermal patch is well tolerated and extend the beneficial effects of infusion with excellent tolerability; and also improved aspects of mood and apathy sustained at 12 months in advanced Parkinson’s disease.
- Dopamine agonists
- Intrajejunal levodopa infusion
- Parkinson’s disease
- Personalised medicine
- Rotigotine transdermal patch