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Treatment expectations and satisfaction of treatment-refractory opioid-dependent patients in RIOTT, the Randomised Injectable Opiate Treatment Trial, the UK's first supervised injectable maintenance clinics

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Article numberN/A
Pages (from-to)566-573
Number of pages8
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

King's Authors


Introduction and Aims
The study investigates patients' pre-treatment expectations of, and post-treatment satisfaction with, supervised injectable opiate treatment delivered within UK's first such clinics within the Randomised Injectable Opiate Treatment Trial (RIOTT) (ISRCTN0133807).

Design and Methods
Data were collected from 127 chronic heroin addicts recruited to RIOTT and randomised to receive supervised injectable (heroin or methadone) treatment or optimised oral maintenance treatment at supervised injectable maintenance clinics in London, Darlington and Brighton.

Of 127 RIOTT patients, 113 (89%) provided responses to structured enquiry about treatment expectations, and 94 (74%) subsequent responses about treatment satisfaction (at six months). Patients were hoping that injectable heroin treatment would: reduce substance misuse (81%); help achieve normality, routine and structure (16%); and increase education and work prospects (15%). At six months, an area of treatment satisfaction most commonly reported by all three trial groups was reduced substance misuse (supervised injectable heroin 59%, supervised injectable methadone 56%, optimised oral methadone 54%). Most found supervision acceptable, but some desired modifications were also identified.

Discussion and Conclusions
Patients previously considered non-responsive to treatment appear to have similar treatment expectations and aspirations as other drug users in treatment. Supervised injectable opioid treatment patients consistently reported treatment satisfaction but also that more could be done to optimise aspects of current arrangement. This raised the challenging issue of the extent to which opinions of patients need to be taken into consideration in shaping future treatment provision. Future research may need to examine the extent of expectations fit' and the relationship between treatment sought and received. [Groshkova T, Metrebian N, Hallam C, Charles V, Martin A, Forzisi L, Lintzeris N, Strang J. Treatment expectations and satisfaction of treatment-refractory opioid dependent patients in Randomised Injectable Opiate Treatment Trial, the UK's first supervised injectable maintenance clinics. 

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