Treatment of Iron Deficiency in Heart Failure

Aamir Shamsi, Antonio Cannata, Susan Piper, Daniel I. Bromage, Theresa A. McDonagh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose of Review: Heart failure (HF) is commonly associated with iron deficiency (ID), defined as insufficient levels of iron to meet physiological demands. ID’s association with anaemia is well understood but it is increasingly recognised as an important comorbidity in HF, even in the absence of anaemia. This review summarises contemporary evidence for the measurement and treatment of ID, in both HFrEF and HFpEF, and specific HF aetiologies, and highlights important gaps in the evidence-base. Recent Findings: ID is common among patients with HF and associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Correcting ID in patients with HF can impact upon functional status, exercise tolerance, symptoms, and overall quality of life, irrespective of anaemia status. Summary: ID is a modifiable comorbidity in HF. Therefore, recognising and treating ID has emerging therapeutic potential and is important for all clinicians who care for patients with HF to understand the rationale and approach to treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-661
Number of pages13
JournalCurrent cardiology reports
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jun 2023


  • Anaemia
  • Heart failure
  • ID
  • Iron deficiency
  • Treatment


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