Ultralight Dark Matter Resonates with Binary Pulsars

Diego Blas, Diana López Nacir, Sergey Sibiryakov

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Abstract

We consider the scenario where dark matter (DM) is represented by an ultralight classical scalar field performing coherent periodic oscillations. We point out that such DM perturbs the dynamics of binary systems either through its gravitational field or via direct coupling to ordinary matter. This perturbation gets resonantly amplified if the frequency of DM oscillations is close to a (half-)integer multiple of the orbital frequency of the system and leads to a secular variation of the orbital period. We suggest using binary pulsars as probes of this scenario and estimate their sensitivity. While the current accuracy of observations is not yet sufficient to probe the purely gravitational effect of DM, it already yields constraints on direct coupling that are competitive with other bounds. The sensitivity will increase with the upcoming radio observatories such as the Square Kilometer Array.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261102
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume118
Early online date29 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • High Energy Physics - Phenomenology, Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

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