Understanding needs of stakeholders and outcomes desired from a home-based intervention program for “difficult to treat” schizophrenia and related disorders: A qualitative study

Mamta Sood, Rakesh Kumar Chadda, Nishtha Chawla, Mona R. Sharma, Rekha Patel, Mohapradeep Mohan, Srividya Iyer, R. Padmavati, Rangaswamy Thara, Swaran P. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We aimed to understand the needs of service users – families and patients with schizophrenia and related disorders, and mental health professionals (MHPs) and expectations from a home-based psychosocial intervention program in Indian setting. Materials and Methods: We conducted four focus group discussions (FGDs) with families, patients with schizophrenia and related disorders and MHPs. Two FGDs were conducted with families and one each with the patients and MHPs. Participants in families and MHP group were asked about their primary concerns in caring for the patients, perceived needs of patients and the areas that can be targeted through a home-based psychosocial intervention program. All FGDs were audio-recorded and verbatim transcribed. Content analysis of the data was done to obtain a final list of needs and expected outcomes from a psychosocial intervention supported by families. Results: Six key priority needs were identified for intervention: medication adherence, activities of daily living, promoting physical health, engagement in meaningful work, building of social and support networks and information about all aspects of illness. Priority outcomes identified by MHPs were mostly clinical like symptom reduction, fewer rehospitalisation while families and patients focused more on psychosocial outcomes, such as improvement of wellbeing, having relationships, engagement in meaningful activities, better organization of the day, increased self-respect, reduced stress, lesser interference, and critical comments. All groups suggested that book or mobile app or video could be used. Conclusion: This qualitative study shows that while both clinicians and service users consider recovery from schizophrenia and related disorders to be important, they differ on what they prioritise.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-47
Number of pages10
JournalIndian journal of psychiatry
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Difficult-to-treat schizophrenia home-based care India psychosocial intervention

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