Unpacking equity for protected area conservation

Kate Schreckenberg, Phil Franks, Adrian Martin, Barbara Lang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)
345 Downloads (Pure)


There have been numerous calls to ensure that protected areas are governed and managed in an equitable manner. While there has been progress on assessing management effectiveness, there has been less headway on defining the equitable part of the equation. Here we propose a framework for advancing equity in the context of protected area conservation that was developed through a process of expert workshops and consultation and then validated at three sites in East Africa. The framework comprises three key dimensions (recognition, procedure and distribution) and 16 principles embedded in a set of enabling conditions, which we illustrate with reference to case studies. We go on to present the case for shifting the framing of protected area conservation from a livelihoods framing to an equity framing, justifying this from both a moral (normative) and instrumental perspective. Finally, we show how equity relates to a number of other key concepts (management effectiveness, governance and social impact) and related assessment tools in protected area conservation, before outlining a step-wise process for using the framework to advance equity in protected area conservation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-26
Number of pages16
Issue number2
Early online date1 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2016


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