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Update on the management of acute liver failure

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Update on the management of acute liver failure. / Trovato, Francesca M.; Rabinowich, Liane; McPhail, Mark J. W.

In: CURRENT OPINION IN CRITICAL CARE, Vol. 25, No. 2, 01.04.2019, p. 157-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Trovato, FM, Rabinowich, L & McPhail, MJW 2019, 'Update on the management of acute liver failure', CURRENT OPINION IN CRITICAL CARE, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 157-164. https://doi.org/10.1097/MCC.0000000000000583

APA

Trovato, F. M., Rabinowich, L., & McPhail, M. J. W. (2019). Update on the management of acute liver failure. CURRENT OPINION IN CRITICAL CARE, 25(2), 157-164. https://doi.org/10.1097/MCC.0000000000000583

Vancouver

Trovato FM, Rabinowich L, McPhail MJW. Update on the management of acute liver failure. CURRENT OPINION IN CRITICAL CARE. 2019 Apr 1;25(2):157-164. https://doi.org/10.1097/MCC.0000000000000583

Author

Trovato, Francesca M. ; Rabinowich, Liane ; McPhail, Mark J. W. / Update on the management of acute liver failure. In: CURRENT OPINION IN CRITICAL CARE. 2019 ; Vol. 25, No. 2. pp. 157-164.

Bibtex Download

@article{8b3cfcd437a946a9b71fcbdc106a969d,
title = "Update on the management of acute liver failure",
abstract = "PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the current intensive care management of acute liver failure (ALF) and the latest evidence for emerging therapies.RECENT FINDINGS: Mortality from ALF continues to improve and in some cases, medical therapy can negate the need for liver transplantation because of protocolized management in specialist centres. Liver transplantation remains the cornerstone of management for poor prognosis ALF. The reduced use of blood products in ALF reflects growing evidence of balanced haemostasis in severe liver disease. Prophylactic therapeutic hypothermia is no longer recommended for neuroprotection. In cases not suitable for liver transplantation, high-volume plasma exchange (HVP) has potential benefit, although further research on the optimal timing and dosing is needed. Although sepsis remains an important complication in ALF, the use of prophylactic antimicrobials is being questioned in the era of emerging bacterial resistance.SUMMARY: ICU management of ALF has improved such that liver transplantation is not required in some cases. HVP has emerged as a potential therapy for patients who may not be good liver transplantation candidates. Nevertheless in suitable patients with poor prognosis liver transplantation remains the optimal therapy.",
author = "Trovato, {Francesca M.} and Liane Rabinowich and McPhail, {Mark J. W.}",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/MCC.0000000000000583",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "157--164",
journal = "CURRENT OPINION IN CRITICAL CARE",
issn = "1070-5295",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Update on the management of acute liver failure

AU - Trovato, Francesca M.

AU - Rabinowich, Liane

AU - McPhail, Mark J. W.

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the current intensive care management of acute liver failure (ALF) and the latest evidence for emerging therapies.RECENT FINDINGS: Mortality from ALF continues to improve and in some cases, medical therapy can negate the need for liver transplantation because of protocolized management in specialist centres. Liver transplantation remains the cornerstone of management for poor prognosis ALF. The reduced use of blood products in ALF reflects growing evidence of balanced haemostasis in severe liver disease. Prophylactic therapeutic hypothermia is no longer recommended for neuroprotection. In cases not suitable for liver transplantation, high-volume plasma exchange (HVP) has potential benefit, although further research on the optimal timing and dosing is needed. Although sepsis remains an important complication in ALF, the use of prophylactic antimicrobials is being questioned in the era of emerging bacterial resistance.SUMMARY: ICU management of ALF has improved such that liver transplantation is not required in some cases. HVP has emerged as a potential therapy for patients who may not be good liver transplantation candidates. Nevertheless in suitable patients with poor prognosis liver transplantation remains the optimal therapy.

AB - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review describes the current intensive care management of acute liver failure (ALF) and the latest evidence for emerging therapies.RECENT FINDINGS: Mortality from ALF continues to improve and in some cases, medical therapy can negate the need for liver transplantation because of protocolized management in specialist centres. Liver transplantation remains the cornerstone of management for poor prognosis ALF. The reduced use of blood products in ALF reflects growing evidence of balanced haemostasis in severe liver disease. Prophylactic therapeutic hypothermia is no longer recommended for neuroprotection. In cases not suitable for liver transplantation, high-volume plasma exchange (HVP) has potential benefit, although further research on the optimal timing and dosing is needed. Although sepsis remains an important complication in ALF, the use of prophylactic antimicrobials is being questioned in the era of emerging bacterial resistance.SUMMARY: ICU management of ALF has improved such that liver transplantation is not required in some cases. HVP has emerged as a potential therapy for patients who may not be good liver transplantation candidates. Nevertheless in suitable patients with poor prognosis liver transplantation remains the optimal therapy.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85062733978&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/MCC.0000000000000583

DO - 10.1097/MCC.0000000000000583

M3 - Article

C2 - 30694840

VL - 25

SP - 157

EP - 164

JO - CURRENT OPINION IN CRITICAL CARE

JF - CURRENT OPINION IN CRITICAL CARE

SN - 1070-5295

IS - 2

ER -

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