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Updated predictions for gravitational waves produced in a strongly supercooled phase transition

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Updated predictions for gravitational waves produced in a strongly supercooled phase transition. / Ellis, John; Lewicki, Marek; Vaskonen, Ville.

In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2020, No. 11, 020, 11.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Ellis, J, Lewicki, M & Vaskonen, V 2020, 'Updated predictions for gravitational waves produced in a strongly supercooled phase transition', Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, vol. 2020, no. 11, 020. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2020/11/020

APA

Ellis, J., Lewicki, M., & Vaskonen, V. (2020). Updated predictions for gravitational waves produced in a strongly supercooled phase transition. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, 2020(11), [020]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2020/11/020

Vancouver

Ellis J, Lewicki M, Vaskonen V. Updated predictions for gravitational waves produced in a strongly supercooled phase transition. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. 2020 Nov;2020(11). 020. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2020/11/020

Author

Ellis, John ; Lewicki, Marek ; Vaskonen, Ville. / Updated predictions for gravitational waves produced in a strongly supercooled phase transition. In: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics. 2020 ; Vol. 2020, No. 11.

Bibtex Download

@article{535c909d04184ddc8a7065e009d2a712,
title = "Updated predictions for gravitational waves produced in a strongly supercooled phase transition",
abstract = "We update predictions for the gravitational wave (GW) signal from a strongly supercooled phase transition in an illustrative classically conformal U(1)B-L model. We implement ∝ γ2 scaling of the friction on the bubble wall and update the estimates for the efficiency factors for GW production from bubble collisions and plasma-related sources. We take into account the fact that a small decay rate of the symmetry-breaking field may lead to brief matter-dominated era after the transition, as the field oscillates around its minimum before decaying. We find that a strong bubble collision signal occurs in a significant part of the parameter space, and that the modified redshift of the modes that re-enter the horizon during the matter-dominated period generates a characteristic tilted 'plateau' in the spectrum. The GW spectrum in this model would be detectable in the low-frequency range, e.g., by LISA, and in the mid-frequency range, e.g., by AION/MAGIS and AEDGE, and in the high-frequency range by LIGO and ET. The peak frequency of the signal is limited from below by collider constraints on the mass of the U(1)B-L gauge boson, while at high frequencies the slow decay of the scalar field and the resulting matter-dominated era diminishes the GW signal.",
keywords = "cosmological phase transitions, gravitational waves/sources, physics of the early universe",
author = "John Ellis and Marek Lewicki and Ville Vaskonen",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1088/1475-7516/2020/11/020",
language = "English",
volume = "2020",
journal = "Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics",
issn = "1475-7516",
publisher = "IOP Publishing",
number = "11",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Updated predictions for gravitational waves produced in a strongly supercooled phase transition

AU - Ellis, John

AU - Lewicki, Marek

AU - Vaskonen, Ville

PY - 2020/11

Y1 - 2020/11

N2 - We update predictions for the gravitational wave (GW) signal from a strongly supercooled phase transition in an illustrative classically conformal U(1)B-L model. We implement ∝ γ2 scaling of the friction on the bubble wall and update the estimates for the efficiency factors for GW production from bubble collisions and plasma-related sources. We take into account the fact that a small decay rate of the symmetry-breaking field may lead to brief matter-dominated era after the transition, as the field oscillates around its minimum before decaying. We find that a strong bubble collision signal occurs in a significant part of the parameter space, and that the modified redshift of the modes that re-enter the horizon during the matter-dominated period generates a characteristic tilted 'plateau' in the spectrum. The GW spectrum in this model would be detectable in the low-frequency range, e.g., by LISA, and in the mid-frequency range, e.g., by AION/MAGIS and AEDGE, and in the high-frequency range by LIGO and ET. The peak frequency of the signal is limited from below by collider constraints on the mass of the U(1)B-L gauge boson, while at high frequencies the slow decay of the scalar field and the resulting matter-dominated era diminishes the GW signal.

AB - We update predictions for the gravitational wave (GW) signal from a strongly supercooled phase transition in an illustrative classically conformal U(1)B-L model. We implement ∝ γ2 scaling of the friction on the bubble wall and update the estimates for the efficiency factors for GW production from bubble collisions and plasma-related sources. We take into account the fact that a small decay rate of the symmetry-breaking field may lead to brief matter-dominated era after the transition, as the field oscillates around its minimum before decaying. We find that a strong bubble collision signal occurs in a significant part of the parameter space, and that the modified redshift of the modes that re-enter the horizon during the matter-dominated period generates a characteristic tilted 'plateau' in the spectrum. The GW spectrum in this model would be detectable in the low-frequency range, e.g., by LISA, and in the mid-frequency range, e.g., by AION/MAGIS and AEDGE, and in the high-frequency range by LIGO and ET. The peak frequency of the signal is limited from below by collider constraints on the mass of the U(1)B-L gauge boson, while at high frequencies the slow decay of the scalar field and the resulting matter-dominated era diminishes the GW signal.

KW - cosmological phase transitions

KW - gravitational waves/sources

KW - physics of the early universe

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85096489841&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1475-7516/2020/11/020

DO - 10.1088/1475-7516/2020/11/020

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85096489841

VL - 2020

JO - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

JF - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

SN - 1475-7516

IS - 11

M1 - 020

ER -

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