Urbanization in Africa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Urbanization in Africa has become somewhat differentiated from the processes experienced elsewhere, particularly in Asian countries. Global market forces caused some deindustrialization in sub-Saharan Africa and urban economies weakened in the last two decades of the twentieth century. Urban incomes declined in real terms, presenting major challenges to policy makers. In a range of countries, the rate of growth in levels of urbanization slowed as net in-migration rates fell as urban economic opportunities became less attractive. GDP growth rates have since strengthened largely due to natural resourcebased developments. The impact of these on urbanization is very variable between and within countries.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences
EditorsJames Wright
Place of PublicationOxford
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780080970868, 9780080970875
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Urbanization
  • Africa
  • Migration
  • Economic development


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