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Use of a bibliometric literature review to assess medical research capacity in post-conflict and developing countries: Somaliland 1991-2013

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Use of a bibliometric literature review to assess medical research capacity in post-conflict and developing countries : Somaliland 1991-2013. / Boyce, Ross; Rosch, Richard; Finlayson, Alexander; Handuleh, Djibril; Walhad, Said Ahmed; Whitwell, Susannah; Leather, Andy.

In: Tropical Medicine and International Health, Vol. 20, No. 11, 11.2015, p. 1507–1515.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Boyce, R, Rosch, R, Finlayson, A, Handuleh, D, Walhad, SA, Whitwell, S & Leather, A 2015, 'Use of a bibliometric literature review to assess medical research capacity in post-conflict and developing countries: Somaliland 1991-2013', Tropical Medicine and International Health, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 1507–1515. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12590

APA

Boyce, R., Rosch, R., Finlayson, A., Handuleh, D., Walhad, S. A., Whitwell, S., & Leather, A. (2015). Use of a bibliometric literature review to assess medical research capacity in post-conflict and developing countries: Somaliland 1991-2013. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 20(11), 1507–1515. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12590

Vancouver

Boyce R, Rosch R, Finlayson A, Handuleh D, Walhad SA, Whitwell S et al. Use of a bibliometric literature review to assess medical research capacity in post-conflict and developing countries: Somaliland 1991-2013. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2015 Nov;20(11):1507–1515. https://doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12590

Author

Boyce, Ross ; Rosch, Richard ; Finlayson, Alexander ; Handuleh, Djibril ; Walhad, Said Ahmed ; Whitwell, Susannah ; Leather, Andy. / Use of a bibliometric literature review to assess medical research capacity in post-conflict and developing countries : Somaliland 1991-2013. In: Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2015 ; Vol. 20, No. 11. pp. 1507–1515.

Bibtex Download

@article{048a7b84a11b48398ef04b975d2d1320,
title = "Use of a bibliometric literature review to assess medical research capacity in post-conflict and developing countries: Somaliland 1991-2013",
abstract = "Objectives: Effective healthcare systems require high-quality research to guide evidence-based interventions and strategic planning. In low- and middle-income countries, especially those emerging from violent conflict, research capacity often lags behind other aspects of health system development. Here, we sought to bibliometrically review health-related research output in Somaliland, a post-conflict self-declared, autonomous nation on the Horn of Africa, as a means of assessing research capacity. Methods: We reviewed articles on health-related research conducted in Somaliland between 1991 and 2013 that included a description of the experimental design, and articles were published in either a peer-reviewed journal or as part of a scholarly programme receiving formal review. We did not include policy or social science research that did not enrol or interact with subjects from Somaliland. Using online databases, all studies meeting minimum eligibility criteria were reviewed in regard to Somaliland-based co-authorship, topic of research and specific measures of quality. Results: A total of 37 studies were included in this review. Of these, only 19 (51{\%}) included co-authorship by Somaliland-based researchers. Of the 21 studies reporting ethical approval, 16 (64{\%}) received approval from the Somalia or Somaliland Ministry of Health, while five received approval from a university or national commission. More than two-thirds of published research was limited to a few areas of investigation with most (19, 51{\%}) following basic cross-sectional study designs. The number of articles published per year increased from 0 to 1 in the years 1991-2007 to a maximum of 8 in 2013. Conclusions: Research activity in Somaliland is extremely limited. Investigators from high-income countries have largely directed the research agenda in Somaliland; only half of the included studies list co-authors from institutions in Somaliland. Leadership and governance of health research in Somaliland is required to define national priorities, promote scholarly activity and guide the responsible conduct of research. The methods used here to assess research capacity may be generalisable to other low- and middle-income countries and post-conflict settings to measure the impact of research capacity-building efforts.",
keywords = "Developing countries, Ethics, Global health, Research, Systematic review",
author = "Ross Boyce and Richard Rosch and Alexander Finlayson and Djibril Handuleh and Walhad, {Said Ahmed} and Susannah Whitwell and Andy Leather",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1111/tmi.12590",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "1507–1515",
journal = "Tropical Medicine and International Health",
issn = "1360-2276",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "11",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of a bibliometric literature review to assess medical research capacity in post-conflict and developing countries

T2 - Somaliland 1991-2013

AU - Boyce, Ross

AU - Rosch, Richard

AU - Finlayson, Alexander

AU - Handuleh, Djibril

AU - Walhad, Said Ahmed

AU - Whitwell, Susannah

AU - Leather, Andy

PY - 2015/11

Y1 - 2015/11

N2 - Objectives: Effective healthcare systems require high-quality research to guide evidence-based interventions and strategic planning. In low- and middle-income countries, especially those emerging from violent conflict, research capacity often lags behind other aspects of health system development. Here, we sought to bibliometrically review health-related research output in Somaliland, a post-conflict self-declared, autonomous nation on the Horn of Africa, as a means of assessing research capacity. Methods: We reviewed articles on health-related research conducted in Somaliland between 1991 and 2013 that included a description of the experimental design, and articles were published in either a peer-reviewed journal or as part of a scholarly programme receiving formal review. We did not include policy or social science research that did not enrol or interact with subjects from Somaliland. Using online databases, all studies meeting minimum eligibility criteria were reviewed in regard to Somaliland-based co-authorship, topic of research and specific measures of quality. Results: A total of 37 studies were included in this review. Of these, only 19 (51%) included co-authorship by Somaliland-based researchers. Of the 21 studies reporting ethical approval, 16 (64%) received approval from the Somalia or Somaliland Ministry of Health, while five received approval from a university or national commission. More than two-thirds of published research was limited to a few areas of investigation with most (19, 51%) following basic cross-sectional study designs. The number of articles published per year increased from 0 to 1 in the years 1991-2007 to a maximum of 8 in 2013. Conclusions: Research activity in Somaliland is extremely limited. Investigators from high-income countries have largely directed the research agenda in Somaliland; only half of the included studies list co-authors from institutions in Somaliland. Leadership and governance of health research in Somaliland is required to define national priorities, promote scholarly activity and guide the responsible conduct of research. The methods used here to assess research capacity may be generalisable to other low- and middle-income countries and post-conflict settings to measure the impact of research capacity-building efforts.

AB - Objectives: Effective healthcare systems require high-quality research to guide evidence-based interventions and strategic planning. In low- and middle-income countries, especially those emerging from violent conflict, research capacity often lags behind other aspects of health system development. Here, we sought to bibliometrically review health-related research output in Somaliland, a post-conflict self-declared, autonomous nation on the Horn of Africa, as a means of assessing research capacity. Methods: We reviewed articles on health-related research conducted in Somaliland between 1991 and 2013 that included a description of the experimental design, and articles were published in either a peer-reviewed journal or as part of a scholarly programme receiving formal review. We did not include policy or social science research that did not enrol or interact with subjects from Somaliland. Using online databases, all studies meeting minimum eligibility criteria were reviewed in regard to Somaliland-based co-authorship, topic of research and specific measures of quality. Results: A total of 37 studies were included in this review. Of these, only 19 (51%) included co-authorship by Somaliland-based researchers. Of the 21 studies reporting ethical approval, 16 (64%) received approval from the Somalia or Somaliland Ministry of Health, while five received approval from a university or national commission. More than two-thirds of published research was limited to a few areas of investigation with most (19, 51%) following basic cross-sectional study designs. The number of articles published per year increased from 0 to 1 in the years 1991-2007 to a maximum of 8 in 2013. Conclusions: Research activity in Somaliland is extremely limited. Investigators from high-income countries have largely directed the research agenda in Somaliland; only half of the included studies list co-authors from institutions in Somaliland. Leadership and governance of health research in Somaliland is required to define national priorities, promote scholarly activity and guide the responsible conduct of research. The methods used here to assess research capacity may be generalisable to other low- and middle-income countries and post-conflict settings to measure the impact of research capacity-building efforts.

KW - Developing countries

KW - Ethics

KW - Global health

KW - Research

KW - Systematic review

U2 - 10.1111/tmi.12590

DO - 10.1111/tmi.12590

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 1507

EP - 1515

JO - Tropical Medicine and International Health

JF - Tropical Medicine and International Health

SN - 1360-2276

IS - 11

ER -

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