Use of super resolution reconstruction MRI for surgical planning in Placenta accreta spectrum disorder: Case series

Nada Mufti*, Joanna Chappell, Patrick O'Brien, George Attilakos, Hassna Irzan, Magda Sokolska, Priya Narayanan, Trevor Gaunt, Paul D. Humphries, Premal Patel, Elspeth Whitby, Eric Jauniaux, J. Ciaran Hutchinson, Neil J. Sebire, David Atkinson, Giles Kendall, Sebastien Ourselin, Tom Vercauteren, Anna L. David, Andrew Melbourne

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Comprehensive imaging using ultrasound and MRI of placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) aims to prevent catastrophic haemorrhage and maternal death. Standard MRI of the placenta is limited by between-slice motion which can be mitigated by super-resolution reconstruction (SRR) MRI. We applied SRR in suspected PAS cases to determine its ability to enhance anatomical placental assessment and predict adverse maternal outcome. Methods: Suspected PAS patients (n = 22) underwent MRI at a gestational age (weeks + days) of (32+3±3+2, range (27+1-38+6)). SRR of the placental-myometrial-bladder interface involving rigid motion correction of acquired MRI slices combined with robust outlier detection to reconstruct an isotropic high-resolution volume, was achieved in twelve. 2D MRI or SRR images alone, and paired data were assessed by four radiologists in three review rounds. All radiologists were blinded to results of the ultrasound, original MR image reports, case outcomes, and PAS diagnosis. A Random Forest Classification model was used to highlight the most predictive pathological MRI markers for major obstetric haemorrhage (MOH), bladder adherence (BA), and placental attachment depth (PAD). Results: At delivery, four patients had placenta praevia with no abnormal attachment, two were clinically diagnosed with PAS, and six had histopathological PAS confirmation. Pathological MRI markers (T2-dark intraplacental bands, and loss of retroplacental T2-hypointense line) predicting MOH were more visible using SRR imaging (accuracy 0.73), in comparison to 2D MRI or paired imaging. Bladder wall interruption, predicting BA, was only easily detected by paired imaging (accuracy 0.72). Better detection of certain pathological markers predicting PAD was found using 2D MRI (placental bulge and myometrial thinning (accuracy 0.81)), and SRR (loss of retroplacental T2-hypointense line (accuracy 0.82)). Discussion: The addition of SRR to 2D MRI potentially improved anatomical assessment of certain pathological MRI markers of abnormal placentation that predict maternal morbidity which may benefit surgical planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-45
Number of pages10
JournalPlacenta
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Bladder adherence
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Major obstetric haemorrhage
  • Placenta accreta spectrum
  • Placental attachment depth
  • Super resolution reconstruction

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