MethodsA retrospective analysis of 93 cardiac magnetic resonance scans in subjects with HLHS was performed (59 MBT shunt, 34 RVPA shunt) incorporating data from two congenital centres at varying stages of surgery. Longitudinal and short axis cine images were used to create a computational cardiac atlas and global strain was assessed using Feature Tracking analysis.
ResultsFigure 1 shows the results of the three dimensional shape analysis. Those receiving a RVPA shunt had highly significant differences (p <0.00001) in remodelling of the RV corresponding to ventricular dilatation (p = 0.001) and increased sphericity (p = 0.006). Differences were evident only after scarring had occurred. Despite preserved ejection fraction in both groups, in the RVPA shunt group functional strain was reduced across multiple ventricular axes including: reduced systolic longitudinal function (strain rate p < 0.0001); reduced diastolic longitudinal function (strain rate p = 0.0001); and reduced midventricular systolic circumferential function (strain p < 0.0001).
ConclusionsComputational modelling tools reveal subtle differences in ventricular remodelling in those with HLHS undergoing a RVPA shunt with focal scarring leading to altered functional markers of strain. Although comparative early outcome data shows no differences in survival the need for continued surveillance is warranted, as effects may not become apparent until later years.