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Using Virtual Reality to investigate multitasking ability in individuals with frontal lobe lesions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tanya Denmark, Jessica Fish, Ashok Jansari, Jignesh Tailor, Keyoumars Ashkan, Robin Morris

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalNeuropsychological Rehabilitation
Early online date8 Jun 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 8 Jun 2017


  • Using Virtual Reality to investigate_DENMARK_Publishedonline8June2017_GREEN AAM

    Using_Virtual_Reality_to_investigate_DENMARK_Publishedonline8June2017_GREEN_AAM.pdf, 1 MB, application/pdf


    Accepted author manuscript


    This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Neuropsychological Rehabilitation on 08/06/2017, available online:

King's Authors


Individuals with lesions in the prefrontal cortex often show impairments with the organisation of their behaviour in everyday life. These difficulties can be hard to detect using structured formal tests. The objective of this study was to use Virtual Reality (VR) to explore the multitasking performance of individuals with focal frontal lobe lesions, specifically using the Jansari assessment of Executive Functions (JEF©). Nineteen individuals with frontal lobe lesions were compared with 19 matched controls on the test and a group of commonly used clinical measures of neuropsychological functioning, as well as questionnaire measures of everyday activity, anxiety and depression. There was a significant difference between groups on the overall JEF© score and on five of the eight individual constructs, namely the planning, creative thinking, adaptive thinking, event-based Prospective Memory (PM) and time-based PM constructs. There were no differences between groups on the non-VR EF individual measures apart from on one EF control measure, Trail Making A. These results demonstrate the potential clinical utility of the JEF© and highlight the value of ecologically valid VR measures in detecting impairments in EF in individuals with frontal lobe lesions.

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