Utilizing 3D printing to facilitate surgical in-situ paediatric renal artery aneurysm repair for refractory hypertension

Pankaj Chandak, Nicos Kessaris, Narayan Karunanithy, Nick Byrne, Joanna Newton, R. Bharadwaj, Sergio Assia-Zamora, Mohan Shenoy, Morad Sallam, Manish D. Sinha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Renal artery aneurysmal (RAA) disease is a rare, but potentially life-threatening cause of renovascular disease presenting with hypertension. Conventional management involves aneurysmal excision followed by renal auto-transplantation. We present the management of a 13-year-old girl with complex multiple saccular aneurysmal disease of the left renal artery with hilar extension and symptomatic hypertension. We used 3D printing to print a patient-specific model that was not implanted in the patient but was used for surgical planning and discussion with the patient and their family. Endovascular options were precluded due to anatomical complexities. Following multi-disciplinary review and patient-specific 3D printing, she underwent successful in-situ RAA repair with intraoperative cooling, without the need for auto-transplantation. 3D printing enabled appreciation of aneurysmal spatial configuration and dimensions that also helped plan the interposition graft length needed following aneurysmal excision. The models provided informed multidisciplinary communications and proved valuable during the consent process with the family for this high-risk procedure. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case utilizing 3D printing to facilitate in-situ complex repair of RAA with intra-hilar extension for paediatric renovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-197
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of hypertension
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • 3D printing
  • hypertension
  • in-situ repair
  • paediatric
  • renal artery aneurysm
  • renovascular


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