Validation of a typology for civil-military activities during the COVID pandemic

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The COVID pandemic has been the biggest threat to the health and security of the global population in the 21st Century. This caused a significant impact on military activities and required substantial changes to military health systems. Furthermore, armed forces played a major role in general support to governments’ responses to the crisis and made noticeable contributions to supporting national health and social care systems. This paper presents a typology for categorising these military activities based on multiple international case examples, including a review of papers from the International Review of Armed Forces Medical Services. This typology could be used to analyse the impact of COVID on military capability and the breadth of activities undertaken by an individual country’s armed forces in support of national crisis response. This would enable a detailled comparison between countries to facilitate lessons learned and the residual military requirements to mitigate future global health emergencies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-23
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Review of Armed Forces Medical Services
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023


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