Validation of goose liver fat measurement by QCT and CSE-MRI with biochemical extraction and pathology as reference

Li Xu, Yangyang Duanmu, Glen M. Blake, Chenxin Zhang, Yong Zhang, Keenan Brown, Xiaoqi Wang, Peng Wang, Xingang Zhou, Manling Zhang, Chao Wang, Zhe Guo, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Xiaoguang Cheng*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)


    Objectives: This study aimed to validate the accuracy and reliability of quantitative computed tomography (QCT) and chemical shift encoded magnetic resonance imaging (CSE-MRI) to assess hepatic steatosis. Methods: Twenty-two geese with a wide range of hepatic steatosis were collected. After QCT and CSE-MRI examinations, the liver of each goose was removed and samples were taken from the left lobe, upper and lower half of the right lobe for biochemical measurement and histology. Fat percentages by QCT and proton density fat fraction by MRI (MRI-PDFF) were measured within the sample regions of biochemical measurement and histology. The accuracy of QCT and MR measurements were assessed through Spearman correlation coefficients (r) and Passing and Bablok regression equations using biochemical measurement as the "gold standard". Results: Both QCT and MRI correlated highly with chemical extraction [r = 0.922 (p < 0.001) and r = 0.949 (p < 0.001) respectively]. Chemically extracted triglyceride was accurately predicted by both QCT liver fat percentages (Y = 0.6 + 0.866 × X) and by MRI-PDFF (Y = -1.8 + 0.773 × X). Conclusions: QCT and CSE-MRI measurements of goose liver fat were accurate and reliable compared with biochemical measurement. Key Points: • QCT and CSE-MRI can measure liver fat content accurately and reliably • Histological grading of hepatic steatosis has larger sampling variability • QCT and CSE-MRI have potential in the clinical setting.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2003-2012
    Number of pages10
    JournalEuropean Radiology
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018


    • Chemical shift encoded magnetic resonance imaging
    • Hepatic steatosis
    • Hepatic triglyceride analysis
    • Proton density fat fraction
    • Quantitative computed tomography


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