Validation of new image-derived arterial input functions at the aorta using 18F-fluoride positron emission tomography

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(i) To validate two new image-based methods for finding the plasma arterial input function (AIF) and evaluate the performance of these and two similar techniques against arterial sampling. (ii) To evaluate the performance of all four image-derived AIF (IDAIF) methods against arterial sampling for measuring the F plasma clearance (Ki) to the lumbar spine.

Eight healthy postmenopausal women had a F-fluoride positron emission tomography scan of the lumbar spine. Venous blood samples were used to estimate the IDAIFs from: (i) a fixed population-based partial volume correction (PVC) factor method, (ii) a variable PVC factor method, (iii) the Chen method, and (iv) the Cook-Lodge method. Continuous arterial sampling and the respective Ki values were used as the gold standard against which the performance of the IDAIF methods was compared.

The IDAIFs were compared with direct arterial sampling in terms of the area under the curve values. The percentage root mean square error in area under the curves compared with arterial sampling were: (i) fixed PVC: 12.7%, (ii) variable PVC: 12.0%, (iii) Chen: 39.0%, and (iv) Cook-Lodge: 17.3%. There were small but significant differences in the Ki values found by all four methods compared with arterial sampling. Bland-Altman plots of Ki values showed the best agreement for the variable and fixed PVC methods with a standard deviation of 0.0026 and 0.0030 ml/min/ml, respectively.

The differences in the Ki values obtained at the lumbar spine using direct arterial sampling and any of the IDAIF methods at the aorta were clinically nonsignificant. The variable PVC and fixed PVC methods performed better than the Cook-Lodge and Chen methods
Original languageEnglish
Article numberN/A
Pages (from-to)486 - 495
Number of pages10
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011


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