Verbal memory impairment in subcortical ischemic vascular disease A descriptive analysis in CADASIL

S. Epelbaum, S. Benisty, S. Reyes, Michael O'Sullivan, E. Jouvent, M. Duering, D. Herve, C. Opherk, K. Hernandez, A. Kurtz, A. Viswanathan, M. G. Bousser, M. Dichgans, H. Chabriat

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the elderly, the high prevalence of Alzheimer's disease neuropathology presents a major challenge to the investigation of memory decline in common diseases such as small vessel disease. CADASIL represents a unique clinical model to determine the spectrum of memory impairment in subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SIVD). One hundred and forty CADASIL patients underwent detailed clinical, neuropsychological and imaging analyses. The Free and Cued Selective Reminding Test was used as a measure of verbal memory. Forty-four out of 140 CADASIL patients (31.4%) presented with memory impairment according to this test. Eight out of 44(18.2%) subjects with memory impairment matched the definition of the amnestic syndrome of hippocampal type. While alterations in spontaneous recall were related to the severity of subcortical ischemic lesions, the profile of memory impairment, particularly the sensitivity to cueing was found related to other factors such as hippocampal atrophy. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2172-2182
Number of pages11
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

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