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Vestibular deficits and psychological factors correlating to dizziness handicap and symptom severity

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Vestibular deficits and psychological factors correlating to dizziness handicap and symptom severity. / Herdman, David; Norton, Sam; Pavlou, Marousa; Murdin, Louisa; Moss-Morris, Rona.

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 132, 109969, 05.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Herdman, D, Norton, S, Pavlou, M, Murdin, L & Moss-Morris, R 2020, 'Vestibular deficits and psychological factors correlating to dizziness handicap and symptom severity', Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 132, 109969. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.109969

APA

Herdman, D., Norton, S., Pavlou, M., Murdin, L., & Moss-Morris, R. (2020). Vestibular deficits and psychological factors correlating to dizziness handicap and symptom severity. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 132, [109969]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.109969

Vancouver

Herdman D, Norton S, Pavlou M, Murdin L, Moss-Morris R. Vestibular deficits and psychological factors correlating to dizziness handicap and symptom severity. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2020 May;132. 109969. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.109969

Author

Herdman, David ; Norton, Sam ; Pavlou, Marousa ; Murdin, Louisa ; Moss-Morris, Rona. / Vestibular deficits and psychological factors correlating to dizziness handicap and symptom severity. In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2020 ; Vol. 132.

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@article{59db4a8ac826452e9226d67a9cba80c1,
title = "Vestibular deficits and psychological factors correlating to dizziness handicap and symptom severity",
abstract = "Objective: To determine the relative contribution of demographic variables, objective testing and psychological factors in explaining the variance in dizziness severity and handicap. Methods: One-hundred and eighty-five consecutive patients on the waiting list to attend a diagnostic appointment in a tertiary neuro-otology clinic with a primary complaint of vertigo or dizziness completed a cross-sectional survey. Primary outcomes were the Dizziness Handicap Inventory and the vertigo subscale of the Vertigo Symptom Scale-Short Form. Psychological questionnaires assessed anxiety and depressive symptoms, illness perceptions, cognitive and behavioural responses to symptoms, beliefs about emotions and psychological vulnerability. Patients also underwent standardised audio-vestibular investigations and tests to reach a diagnosis at appointment. Results: Objective disease characteristics were not associated with handicap and only the presence of vestibular dysfunction on one test (caloric) was associated with symptom severity. Almost all the psychological factors were correlated with dizziness outcomes. The total hierarchical regression model explained 63{\%} of the variance in dizziness handicap, and 53{\%} was explained by the psychological variables. The regression model for symptom severity explained 36{\%} of the variance, and 30{\%} was explained by the psychological factors. In adjusted models, factors associated with dizziness handicap included age, female gender, distress, symptom focusing, embarrassment, avoidance, and beliefs about negative consequences. Fear avoidance was the only independent correlate in the fully adjusted model of symptom severity. Conclusion: Self-reported dizziness severity and handicap are not correlated with clinical tests of vestibular deficits but are associated with psychological factors including anxiety, depression, illness perceptions, cognitive and behavioural responses.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Depression, Dizziness, Illness perception, Vertigo, Vestibular",
author = "David Herdman and Sam Norton and Marousa Pavlou and Louisa Murdin and Rona Moss-Morris",
year = "2020",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.109969",
language = "English",
volume = "132",
journal = "Journal of Psychosomatic Research",
issn = "0022-3999",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vestibular deficits and psychological factors correlating to dizziness handicap and symptom severity

AU - Herdman, David

AU - Norton, Sam

AU - Pavlou, Marousa

AU - Murdin, Louisa

AU - Moss-Morris, Rona

PY - 2020/5

Y1 - 2020/5

N2 - Objective: To determine the relative contribution of demographic variables, objective testing and psychological factors in explaining the variance in dizziness severity and handicap. Methods: One-hundred and eighty-five consecutive patients on the waiting list to attend a diagnostic appointment in a tertiary neuro-otology clinic with a primary complaint of vertigo or dizziness completed a cross-sectional survey. Primary outcomes were the Dizziness Handicap Inventory and the vertigo subscale of the Vertigo Symptom Scale-Short Form. Psychological questionnaires assessed anxiety and depressive symptoms, illness perceptions, cognitive and behavioural responses to symptoms, beliefs about emotions and psychological vulnerability. Patients also underwent standardised audio-vestibular investigations and tests to reach a diagnosis at appointment. Results: Objective disease characteristics were not associated with handicap and only the presence of vestibular dysfunction on one test (caloric) was associated with symptom severity. Almost all the psychological factors were correlated with dizziness outcomes. The total hierarchical regression model explained 63% of the variance in dizziness handicap, and 53% was explained by the psychological variables. The regression model for symptom severity explained 36% of the variance, and 30% was explained by the psychological factors. In adjusted models, factors associated with dizziness handicap included age, female gender, distress, symptom focusing, embarrassment, avoidance, and beliefs about negative consequences. Fear avoidance was the only independent correlate in the fully adjusted model of symptom severity. Conclusion: Self-reported dizziness severity and handicap are not correlated with clinical tests of vestibular deficits but are associated with psychological factors including anxiety, depression, illness perceptions, cognitive and behavioural responses.

AB - Objective: To determine the relative contribution of demographic variables, objective testing and psychological factors in explaining the variance in dizziness severity and handicap. Methods: One-hundred and eighty-five consecutive patients on the waiting list to attend a diagnostic appointment in a tertiary neuro-otology clinic with a primary complaint of vertigo or dizziness completed a cross-sectional survey. Primary outcomes were the Dizziness Handicap Inventory and the vertigo subscale of the Vertigo Symptom Scale-Short Form. Psychological questionnaires assessed anxiety and depressive symptoms, illness perceptions, cognitive and behavioural responses to symptoms, beliefs about emotions and psychological vulnerability. Patients also underwent standardised audio-vestibular investigations and tests to reach a diagnosis at appointment. Results: Objective disease characteristics were not associated with handicap and only the presence of vestibular dysfunction on one test (caloric) was associated with symptom severity. Almost all the psychological factors were correlated with dizziness outcomes. The total hierarchical regression model explained 63% of the variance in dizziness handicap, and 53% was explained by the psychological variables. The regression model for symptom severity explained 36% of the variance, and 30% was explained by the psychological factors. In adjusted models, factors associated with dizziness handicap included age, female gender, distress, symptom focusing, embarrassment, avoidance, and beliefs about negative consequences. Fear avoidance was the only independent correlate in the fully adjusted model of symptom severity. Conclusion: Self-reported dizziness severity and handicap are not correlated with clinical tests of vestibular deficits but are associated with psychological factors including anxiety, depression, illness perceptions, cognitive and behavioural responses.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Depression

KW - Dizziness

KW - Illness perception

KW - Vertigo

KW - Vestibular

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85079609319&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.109969

DO - 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2020.109969

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85079609319

VL - 132

JO - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

JF - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

SN - 0022-3999

M1 - 109969

ER -

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