Video-rate dual-modal photoacoustic and fluorescence imaging through a multimode fibre towards forward-viewing endomicroscopy

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Abstract

Multimode fibres (MMFs) are becoming increasingly attractive in optical endoscopy as they promise to enable unparallelled miniaturisation, spatial resolution and cost. However, high-speed imaging with wavefront shaping has been challenging. Here, we report the development of a video-rate dual-modal photoacoustic (PA) and fluorescence microscopy probe with a high-speed digital micromirror device (DMD) towards forward-viewing endomicroscopy. Optimal DMD patterns were obtained using a real-valued intensity transmission matrix algorithm to raster-scan a 1.5 μm-diameter focused beam at the distal fibre tip for imaging. The PA imaging speed and spatial resolution were varied from ∼2 to 57 frames per second and from 1.7 to 3 μm, respectively. Further, high-fidelity PA images of carbon fibres and mouse red blood cells were acquired at unprecedented speed. The capability of dual-modal imaging was demonstrated with phantoms. We anticipate that with further miniaturisation of the ultrasound detector, this probe could be integrated into medical needles to guide minimally invasive procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100323
Number of pages9
JournalPhotoacoustics
Volume25
Early online date31 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

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