Water sorption and solubility of luting agents used under ceramic laminates with different degrees of translucency

C. L. Leal, A. P V Queiroz, R. M. Foxton, S. Argolo, P. Mathias, A. N. Cavalcanti*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of low-thickness ceramic laminate translucency on water sorption and solubility in resin luting agents. Methods and Materials: Ceramic slides (1530.7 mm) were generated using lithium disilicate (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar-Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) that were A1 in color and had decreasing degrees of translucency (high, medium, and low). A slide of transparent glass of similar size was used as the control. Under each slide, 15 specimens (8×0.5 mm) of differing composite materials from the same manufacturer (3M ESPE Dental Products, St Paul, MN, USA) were prepared (n=5): lightcured resin cement (RelyX Veneer); dualcured resin cement (RelyX ARC); and flowable composite (Z350XT Flow). To evaluate the loss or gain of mass, the specimens were dried until a constant mass was reached. Then, they were immersed in water for seven days and weighed immediately following removal from water. Subsequently, the speci- mens were dried again until a constant mass was obtained. The mass measurements were used to calculate the water sorption and solubility. Statistical analyses were carried out using a two-way analysis of variance and the Tukey test. Results: Under the high-translucency ceramic slides, all of the luting agents showed similar performance regarding water sorption; the flowable composite resin and the light-cured resin cement had the lowest solubility values. Under the medium- and low-translucency surfaces, the dual-cured resin cement and the flowable composite resin showed better performance with respect to water sorption and solubility. Conclusions: In the case of high-translucency laminates, luting agents with different activation methods might be used. However, even in thin sections, decreasing the translucency of the laminate led to significant loss of light penetration, indicating a decreased likelihood of the physical activation of the resin cement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E141-E148
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016


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